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Whether it’s the University of Rhode Island or any of the colleges in the public higher education system, or pioneering business schools like Johnson & Wales University, Rhode Island’s colleges and universities are known for usefulness, practicality, and market-ready value. U.S. MAJOR DAILIES provides users with exclusive and preferred access to current content and significant archives dating back to 1980 from five of the nation’s most respected national and regional newspapers, including The New York Times, Washington Post, Los Angeles Times, Chicago Tribune, and The Wall Street Journal, in full-text format. Community service is a priority for the Johnson & Wales University athletics department and a part of the NCAA Division III experience. Dating back several years to the men's volleyball program's involvement, the Wildcats have worked very closely with the Tomorrow Fund at Hasbro Children's Hospital - an independent non-profit charitable organization that provides daily financial and emotional ... Prior to joining the program at Johnson & Wales, I worked as a full time therapist at Ohio University + Virginia Tech. ... dating violence, art therapy or veterans’ issues. Be a part of the Student Athlete Leadership Training (SALT) organization, where counseling students facilitate psycho-educational groups with student athletes on conflict ... The University operates three hotels used for the training of University students in Food Service Management programs, Culinary Arts Degree programs and Hotel and Lodging Management programs. In the Providence area the facilities include the Johnson & Wales Inn & Conference Center in Seekonk, MA and the Radisson Hotel Providence Airport in Warwick. Johnson & Wales University North Miami Campus Library FSM3075 Food Service and Hospitality Strategic Marketing (Calloway) In-Text Citations Search this Guide Search. FSM3075 Food Service and Hospitality Strategic Marketing (Calloway): In-Text Citations ... 'The earliest known writing, alphabets, and arithmetical systems, dating from about 3,000 ... The university’s’s Title IX Policy & Procedures (collectively, “Policy”) prohibit discriminating against students, faculty, or staff based on sex in any of its programs or activities. The university prohibits sexual harassment (defined to include sexual assault, dating violence, domestic violence, and stalking and retaliation for reporting any such alleged conduct). He graduated from Johnson and Wales University in 1978 and went on to be the executive chef at Dunfeys Hyannis resort and Commanders Palace in New Orleans. You may also know him from his food networks shows where he often said “Kick it up a notch” and “Bam!” Lagasse is the executive chef at 13 restaurants across the nation. 2. Tyler ...
A not-so-brief rundown of the letter ‘S’ in Jeffrey Epstein's 'Little Black Book'
2020.08.08 01:38 LearningIsListeningA not-so-brief rundown of the letter ‘S’ in Jeffrey Epstein's 'Little Black Book'
2020.06.22 22:00 1gammyboyThe Athletic - Special investigation: The story of Hull City’s decline (full Article)
On Saturday, Hull City hosted Charlton Athletic and lost 1-0 to finish the afternoon in the Championship’s drop zone. For Hull, it has been an alarming decline, taking only two points from the 36 available since January 2. Since beating Sheffield Wednesday on New Year’s Day to stand only a point short of the play-offs, they have hurtled down the table. Hull have lost 10, scoring only nine goals and conceding 30, in a 12-game period. A Premier League club three years ago, Hull are knee-deep in the relegation quick-sand and sliding towards the third tier of English football for the first time since the 2004-05 season. On Saturday afternoon, vice-chairman Ehab Allam — the son of owner Assem Allam — watched from the directors’ box, wearing a club tracksuit, and saw the extent of the malaise laid bare before his eyes. He saw the culmination of a period of uncertainty that has ripped the Yorkshire club apart, alienating managers, sacrificing leading players and exasperating large swathes of the local support. In February 2017, just shy of 25,000 watched as Hull beat Liverpool 2-0 in the Premier League. Yet earlier this season, attendances plummeted to four figures for the first time at the KCOM Stadium for home fixtures against Preston (9,826) and Swansea (9,757), Hull’s lowest home turnouts since a 1-0 win over Boston United in the fourth tier in November 2002. For several weeks, The Athletic has spoken to those, on and off the field, who have worked closely with the Allam regime to tell the full, no-holds-barred story of Hull’s decline over the past four years. An investigation has uncovered: The Allam family still want more than £40 million to sell the club. Hull must fight for survival without captain Eric Lichaj, vice-captain Jackson Irvine and other out-of-contract players after asking them to “play for free” for the rest of this season. Players rejected a 20 per cent pay cut while play was suspended and it is understood not every player took a 25 per cent wage deferral. In February 2016, three months before leading Hull to the Premier League via the play-offs, then-manager Steve Bruce was sacked and then reinstated by Ehab Allam after a row about paying a member of staff while he supported his family. One failed takeover included an attempt to impose a condition that Bruce must be sacked as manager. The extent of the discord between the club’s owners and large swathes of its fanbase, dating back to Assem Allam’s attempt to rename them “Hull Tigers”. This is the story of how they got here under the current ownership, of a dressing room that has become strained and lost key personnel, and what is in the store for the future of the club. As Hull City’s players congregated for their final week of training before Championship football resumed, Ehab Allam made an impromptu visit to the club’s Cottingham training ground. Like several Championship clubs, Hull are battling relegation while harbouring uncertainty over the futures of many members of their first-team squad. In Hull’s case, this came to a head last Monday. The contracts of captain Lichaj and vice-captain Irvine — the latter the only player on Hull’s books to have played 100 games for the club — are due to expire on June 30. Having failed to secure agreements to play on for the remainder of the season or beyond, Allam and manager Grant McCann informed the duo their services would not be required for the final matches of June against two other bottom-half sides, Charlton and Birmingham City. As such, two of Hull’s most senior players were sent to train in isolation and are no longer under consideration for group sessions as well as the month’s remaining fixtures. Lichaj was stunned by the club’s proposal. Hull had the option to extend his deal by an extra year and indicated they wished to do so — but only if he accepted a cut of almost 50 per cent from his usual salary. This offer was rejected, with Lichaj’s representatives suggesting that the option be triggered on the same terms but with a relegation clause that would allow the defender to leave for free — therefore allowing Hull to relax their salary obligation — should the club go down at the end of the season. Hull did not take this up and conversations then turned to whether a short-term deal could be agreed to keep Lichaj while they finish up their 2019-20 fixtures next month. Contracts in football usually expire on June 30 but players receive an additional month of money as part of their severance pay. Therefore, as Premier League and Championship clubs agree deals until the close of the campaign at the end of July, they have agreed an additional month’s worth of salary. However, Hull are said to have startled their out-of-contract players by asking them to play on until the close of the campaign, without adding the extra month of wages. The same fates befell Marcus Maddison and Stephen Kingsley, while Hull were also unable to secure loan player Mallik Wilks to play beyond the end of June in negotiations with relegation rivals Barnsley. The two clubs are scrapping to remain in the Championship but are also in dispute over a final payment for the transfer of Angus MacDonald, the 27-year-old defender who was the feel-good story for Hull this past weekend as he started for the first time in 22 months after overcoming bowel cancer. Hull did not address any points put to them by The Athletic and instead described our email as “ill-informed, substantially inaccurate, tittle-tattle and misleading gossip”. Back at the training ground, players are unimpressed. One source close to negotiations claimed: “Hull wanted to know if players would play during the month of severance. They knew the answer to that question before they even asked it. Without making players new contract offers, they wanted them to play on for them. “To a man, pretty much, they said, ‘No, we are not going to play in our severance month and risk getting injured and risk our future.’ These guys are not on crazy money and they cannot risk their future prospects with an offer like this.” An agent of a Hull player who remains at the club explains: “The rumour amongst the players is that the club wanted anyone on a short-term contract just to play for free. Those players basically said, ‘No way.’ They told the club where to go. That’s what the players have been talking about in their group chat. There’s a bit of a sense of, ‘What the hell is happening at the club?'” Hull declined to comment in detail, saying in a statement published first on their website that contracts, conversations and dealings between players, the club and the staff are confidential. The Hull dressing room already became tense as the club attempted to secure cuts and deferrals at the height of the pandemic. The players outright declined a proposal to reduce wages by 20 per cent but The Athletic understands the club did eventually secure a four-month 25 per cent deferral, to be repaid by the end of 2020. Yet it is understood that not all of the club’s players agreed to take part in the deferral scheme. As agents gossip and whisper among themselves ahead of the transfer window, there is widespread agreement that Hull will look to further cut costs this summer. Several agents said Hull have indicated weekly salary offers will be as low as £4,000 per week for prospective signings, even if they stay in the Championship. “They might stretch to £6,000 for a marquee signing,” one agent quipped. In many ways, Hull do stand as a rare beacon of sound finances in a division that is so often distorted by owners who pursue the Premier League dream at the expense of a long-term and sustainable plan. Hull, by contrast, were one of only two Championship clubs to record an operating and pre-tax profit for the 2018-19 season, while a strategic report filed by the Allam family’s portfolio of businesses for the end of 2019 showed the club made only a narrow loss. In January, 17-goal top scorer Jarrod Bowen was sold to top-flight West Ham United in an initial £18 million deal. Poland international Kamil Grosicki, who had scored seven goals this season and was reported to be the club’s highest earner on £27,000 a week, moved to current Championship leaders West Bromwich Albion the same day. Between them, the pair had scored more than half of Hull’s 41 goals in the division before departing. It is little wonder that Ehab Allam was the most vocal Championship club representative in calling for the season not to resume, while McCann made similar noises in meetings of second-tier managers hosted by the League Managers’ Association. Indeed, Allam even wrote to Football League chairman Rick Parry, arguing that the campaign should be voided. For Hull supporters, it ought to have been the best of times. In May 2016, Bruce’s team, including players such as Andy Robertson and Harry Maguire, defeated Sheffield Wednesday in the Championship play-off final to return to the Premier League. Back in the big time and the land of opportunity. Yet by the August, Hull had only 13 fit senior professionals, two of them goalkeepers. Bruce had gone and Mike Phelan, the long-serving assistant to Sir Alex Ferguson at Manchester United, found himself in caretaker charge. Bruce had quit in late July after the relationship between him and vice-chairman Ehab Allam, owner Assem’s son, spectacularly imploded. It had not always been this way. After Bruce got promoted Hull for the first time in 2013, automatically on that occasion, Assem Allam gushed: “Steve is such a good, honest man and a good football man. I do not know where you will find better than Steve Bruce, I honestly don’t know.” Behind the scenes, however, the bonds fractured. The tension began when Hull were relegated from the Premier League in 2014-15 and Bruce offered to resign. The owners declined the offer but the relationship did not recover. At the start of the following season, back in the Championship, Bruce wanted to sign Brentford striker Andre Gray, but the owners did not agree. Gray scored 25 goals for Burnley instead as they won the Championship title, although Hull still achieved promotion too. Yet the sore festered. The Athletic can reveal for the first time how, in February 2016, Bruce was sacked — and swiftly unsacked — by Ehab Allam. The dispute centred over a member of Bruce’s sports science staff, who had approached him to explain a relative was unwell and that he would need some time out to tend to his family. Bruce told him he could take the absence as paid leave, yet when Ehab found out, he insisted it would be unpaid. Bruce vigorously defended his staff and a furious row broke out, culminating in Ehab sacking the manager on the spot, only to reverse the decision the very same day. “But his card was marked,” a source close to the situation recalls. For several years, Bruce’s frustration over perceived boardroom penny-pinching had built up. The manager and his coaching staff did not have company cars, for example, despite travelling the length and breadth of the country on club business for match preparation and scouting. Keith Bertschin, the first-team coach, was particularly aggrieved. This culminated in a prank whereby Bruce’s staff headed in one morning and placed a series of envelopes on every desk — except for Bertschin’s. The staff members pretended the envelopes had promised cars, although Bertschin’s age (he is three years older than Bruce) was deemed to exclude him. Bertschin stomped around for several hours before his colleagues eventually admitted it was a wind-up and, in fact, nobody would be getting a car. Those who have worked under Assem Allam say he can be extremely “generous”. But one source says: “He doesn’t take advice and sees everything in black and white terms. He tends to use local lawyers and accountants, who would be very grateful for the business, so I don’t suppose anybody disagrees with him.” Ehab is said to be “in his father’s mould” but a “bit more progressive, pragmatic and flexible”. Bruce may not agree. The company-car incident detailed above happened early in the manager’s four-year reign and nobody back then could have foreseen then how spiteful the relationship would become. Take, for example, a remarkable allegation from the spring of 2016, as the team closed in on that Wembley promotion triumph. Hull’s owners had decided to sell the club and, in April and May, they held extensive talks over a takeover with the American investment banker Peter Grieve. As negotiations edged towards a conclusion, the consortium was startled to hear from Ehab Assem that a condition of the takeover going ahead would be the removal of Bruce as manager. He suggested Paulo Sousa or David Moyes would make for sound replacements. Grieve’s bid, fronted by-then former Hull chief executive Nick Thompson, who had worked under the Allam family earlier in their tenure, categorically refused the request. To this day, there is still confusion as to why the Grieve takeover failed to materialise. Grieve was the family’s guest of honour in a private box for the play-off final. Assem has claimed the money did not come through but Thompson tells The Athletic: “Obviously I have skin in the game on that one. I was part of that group. This was the most realistic. “Ehab went on the record to say he (Grieve) did not have the money but I saw a proof of funds before I even took Peter to talk to the club. What I do know is the price changed a number of times. The price was agreed literally on the eve of the play-off final. There was a price agreed for a Championship club, if Hull won, and the price of a Premier League club. Within 24 hours of the play-off final, that went up and it went up on a number of other occasions. Each time, Peter moved with their price.” By that time, Thompson was the chief executive of a telecoms business but he had secured permission from his employers to be released in the event of the successful takeover of Hull. A supporter of the club, Thompson watched from the stands as his team won promotion, 1-0, with a Mohamed Diame goal. He was convinced he would be returning to the club as chairman. He says: “I actually got a text while I was still at Wembley at that point from my chairman at the telecoms company to say, ‘Congratulations, Mr Chairman!’ That’s how close it was. We thought we were nailed-on.” When did it start to go wrong? Thompson says: “When Ehab called Peter on that Saturday night to tell him the price had gone up. Peter agreed to the new price. But at that point, you started to wonder what was going on. “We realised something was seriously going wrong on the first Friday in June. Ehab was meant to be on a train to London to meet Peter Grieve at his hotel to sign all the papers. All the papers were ready at that point. That afternoon, I got a call from Peter to say Ehab had not turned up. I knew he had gone on a train that morning as I saw someone at an event who said they had seen Ehab at the train station and he was going down to London. So I think that was it, really. What happened? He was probably made aware there may be higher offers to come in and he decided to step away.” The negotiations were sufficiently advanced for the prospective new owners to discuss the future and potential signings with Bruce. The incentive-based deal, it is understood, would have reached £130 million. Despite initially cooling talks, the Allams returned to Grieve. Yet during the next phase of discussions, a new sticking point emerged. Hull City do not own the ground they play in. The KCOM Stadium was built and is owned by Hull City Council, and is operated on a long lease by the Allams-owned SuperStadium Management Company (SMC). Potential bidders have always presumed that any offer to buy the club would include control of the venue. Thompson recalls: “About two-and-a-half weeks after Ehab didn’t turn up at the hotel, he then went back to Peter and said, ‘Sorry I made a mistake, I got my head turned by other people. Could we have another go at it?’ It was in those negotiations that Assem then dropped the bombshell that ‘This is for the club. What will you give me for the stadium management company?’ Peter then walked away and his words to me were, ‘They think I’m a chump.’ So that was the price for the club, but now there is an additional price to be negotiated for the stadium management company.” Hull did not respond to our request for comment on these specific points, as they said in a statement, “discussions over the sale of shares of the club are confidential.” As Hull prepared for the Premier League that summer, the ownership situation was plunged into disarray. Bruce walked out as the club refused to commit to a transfer budget for strengthening the squad ahead of the new campaign. A Chinese consortium, led by now-Reading owner Dai Yongge, were given a tour of the KCOM but any potential deal collapsed amid unconfirmed suggestions they had failed the Premier League’s fit and proper person test in the August. As the pursuit of a buyer spiralled out of control, so too did the incumbent owners’ haphazard attempts to recruit a manager. Bruce quit on July 22, three weeks before the start of the Premier League season. The story goes that the news first leaked when former Hull striker Shane Long received a text message while he was conducting an interview with a journalist in Southampton. Earlier in the same week, Bruce’s stock was sufficiently high for him to be interviewed for the vacant England manager’s job. He was ultimately beaten to the gig by Sam Allardyce. Former Manchester United captain Bruce was popular with Hull’s players. One of his old charges tells The Athletic: “In terms of a squad and a set of lads, it is probably my favourite time in football. Nobody really had an option but to live near each other in Hull, so we spent a lot of time doing things together. “Because of where it is in the country it is difficult to get players to join, and if you turn up and see the training ground the way it was, it would probably make you turn around. It was incredibly basic when I first signed — pretty much a working man’s club in the canteen. The bar was still in place, food would be served over the top. Steve drastically updated what was there. He got a proper kitchen put in and made the place more enjoyable to be around. Proper changing rooms put in with individual lockers. “I think there was a chance there to have something left from the Premier League money, a training ground for this day and age. But that never materialised. I am not sure why. Steve probably left in the end through having such difficulties to get funds to sign players.” In an interview with The Yorkshire Post after leaving the club, Bruce said he “needed a break after all the shenanigans at Hull” and “with Ehab involved, there was a big difference of opinion too many times.” Back at Hull, the Allam family tried and failed to recruit Chris Coleman, whose reputation had soared as Wales manager. The first approach arrived before the European Championship finals in France that summer, where Wales improbably reached the semi-finals, and Hull would make three offers over a two-year period to try to land Coleman. With Coleman not prepared to walk away from Wales before a tournament, Ehab then interviewed Gianfranco Zola and Roberto Martinez, neither of whom took the job. Phelan, therefore, ended up holding the fort for five months until Marco Silva was appointed at the start of 2017. Perhaps, most remarkably, though, it can now be revealed Silva had gone for the job that previous summer, only for the owners to dismiss his application. However, Silva received a second chance in the autumn when Paul Stretford, Wayne Rooney’s agent, took it upon himself to visit the Allams at their company headquarters in Yorkshire. Stretford, according to sources close to the club, ultimately convinced them of Silva’s merits. It may seem inconceivable now but there was a time that the Allam family were revered on Humberside. Assem, a now 80-year-old businessman, fled from Egypt’s dictatorship in the 1960s. As a young and outspoken critic of Colonel Nasser’s dictatorship, his life was at risk. “I was arrested, I had my share of torture,” he told the BBC. Allam escaped to England and made Hull his home. He studied at the local university. He worked for Tempest Diesels, before buying the company himself and changing the name to Allam Marine, manufacturing and supplying generators. He started in England with £20 to his name and, according to the 2020 Sunday Times Rich List, his family now has a fortune of £210 million. A long-time ally of former prime minister Tony Blair, Allam donated £400,000 to Ed Miliband’s Labour Party in 2014 but the businessman’s latest financial accounts for 2019 show he may have switched sides, as he recorded a £45,000 donation to Boris Johnson’s Conservative Party last year. In the local area, his contribution has been philanthropic. At the University of Hull, he ploughed £10 million into a centre for cancer and metabolic research and invested more than £100,000 to fund training for youngsters at non-League club North Ferriby United. Allam is a local entrepreneur who has lived in nearby Cottingham since 1968. He clearly cares deeply for his area. Hull have spent only five seasons in their history in the top flight, and three of those have been under the current ownership. The people of Hull are more familiar with trips to Wembley to watch rugby league than football (the city has two Super League teams, Hull FC and Hull Kingston Rovers) and yet Hull City reached the FA Cup final in 2014, losing to Arsenal having led 2-0. The club have also broken their transfer record on five occasions under Allam’s stewardship. Those who know Assem speak of a “kind and generous man” who, for a time, did genuinely cherish owning his local club. In a suite at his company HQ, he put up photos of himself standing before the home crowd, while another picture showed Bruce posing with Assem and his son after securing promotion. Assem would often go into the dressing room before games and he was popular with players. Ehab stepped into the breach when his father became ill. One source close to the family says: “Ehab has been the full-time CEO for about six years now. He doesn’t really love football either but he loves data and subscribes to all the various data providers. He’s the sort of guy who will say Hull might have lost the game but they should have won it based on xG or entries into the attacking third. Ehab’s main passion, though, is polo. Assem’s favourite sport is squash — he used to sponsor the British Open.” Not everyone resents the regime. Liam Rosenior, for example, was allowed time off to complete his coaching badges and the club funded those qualifications for the defender. And again, it is true that Hull’s careful management contrasts favourably with that of many Championship clubs. Hull said in a statement: “The club, has throughout the period of the Allam family’s stewardship, always been run in a financially prudent manner. The club will always have to cut its cloth according to its means and by doing so, the future of the club is secured and ready for new challenges.” In December 2010, Assem Allam rescued Hull City when the club was threatened by an imminent winding-up order from Her Majesty’s Revenue and Customs and owed £17 million to banks. He loaned them £41 million immediately and sources familiar with the club’s accounts estimate that loans from his family’s businesses have reached just shy of £80 million. At the same time, however, the family has, as is usual in such situations, charged four per cent interest on the loans. In net interest alone, Hull have paid £21.9 million since the 2011-12 season. Recent accounts suggest player sales have been used to lower the debt owed to the family and it now stands at around £42 million. Investment in the playing squad has drastically reduced. The club spent as much (£1.8 million) in the 2018-19 campaign on net interest repayments to their owners as on new players. Remarkably, the club’s asking price, however, is, according to three separate sources, still more than £40 million. Geoff Bielby, chair of the Hull City Supporters’ Trust, says: “I have been engaged with three or four sets of potential buyers now who have all become frustrated with the owners’ intransigence in asking for a valuation which is probably twice the market value currently. “We do not own the ground, which is owned by Hull City Council. We have a small training ground in Cottingham, which we do own. But the players… we have had a managed decline of playing assets for four years now. The asking price factors in the loan the club owes to the owners and their business. This is interest-bearing, so it increases their income. “The owner claimed infamously a year ago he has never taken a penny, not even a pound, out of the club but he is playing semantics. He doesn’t take money out of the club but the club pays his parent company interest and management consultant fees. “It is true the wages to income ratio is very good. We are top of the league for that. They claim to be the best-run club in the EFL and financially, they are very prudently run. They are the shareholders. I put the statement where they say they are the best run club in the EFL together with their statement that the club is run for the shareholders. The club is just an asset within their portfolio of businesses. It is a cash cow.” On Monday morning, following Hull’s unusual decision to publish The Athletic’s list of allegations and their response to it on their own club website, the local newspaper, the Hull Daily Mail, released a statement. They confirmed Hull had forbidden them from covering this past weekend’s fixture at home against Charlton. Their statement read: “To be barred entry to the KCOM Stadium on the grounds of being negative, we believe, is not justified. We have always supported the club and wanted success from every game but we make no apologies for honest and frank analysis.” This, however, is only the climax of seven years of tension. In March 2013, the club’s controlling company name was changed from Hull City Association Football Club (Tigers) Ltd to Hull City Tigers Ltd. Then in the August, Assem Allam declared his plan to change the club’s name from Hull City AFC to Hull Tigers, dropping “AFC” and 109 years of heritage. The FA, under duress from the club’s supporters, who opposed the change, outlawed the move. Those who worked closely with the regime speculate the move may have been partially driven by a grudge the owner held against the council after Assem had an offer rejected to outright buy the stadium. As such, this theory says he subsequently decided the word ‘City’ should be removed from Hull and replaced by ‘Tigers’. Supporters resisted fervently, organising the ‘City Till We Die’ protests and in December 2013, relations worsened when Assem said: “They can die as soon as they want, as long as they leave the club for the majority who just want to watch good football.” Thompson was the club’s CEO during this period and eventually resigned in protest. He recalls: “It was a matter of principle to me that it was wrong. I decided I had to leave. But he was paying me and I was taking his money, so I had to do my job and not actively mitigate against him during that time. “Hull is the team I support. It was heartbreaking to make the decision but when somebody is doing something that in principle you consider to be wrong, then how can you stand there and back that decision? The irony is, in that summer of 2013, we never used the term ‘Hull City’ in any kind of marketing collateral because we had decided that the tiger’s head was such a potent image that we went with it. In a marketing sense, we were depicting ourselves already with that tiger logo and imagery. “But Assem’s determination was that we had to change the name. He is the chief and what he says, goes.” The idea stemmed from a piece Assem had read in an industry magazine. Thompson says: “A friend of his from the university sent him a copy of the Harvard Business Review and it said that businesses with shorter names had higher stock market valuations. You also had the issue with Kingston-upon-Hull City Council. They had turned down his offer to purchase the stadium. “There was twin-track thinking; on the one side, a shorter name made for a higher valuation and then the other side, ‘Hull City Council refused to let me buy the stadium, therefore I don’t like them, therefore why would I promote the city over Tigers?’ Assem is the only man who could tell you actually why he did it.” Was it a quick decision? Thompson says: “We spoke for hours about it. We spent 90 per cent of one board meeting talking about it. My view was that if you would like to use tiger imagery in marketing, particularly overseas marketing, I was completely across that as a picture paints a thousand words. But whenever you talk about a club’s heritage or legacy, it is Hull City AFC. You cannot change that. “When the penny dropped for me and I finally realised, it was talking to two boys who were studying sports marketing PhDs at the University of Hull. They asked me what I thought. So I turned it around and asked them what they thought. They said to me it made no sense strategically or commercially but, ‘Dr Allem is the chief and what the chief says, goes’.” Since that moment, the ties between the owners and the fanbase have severely frayed. In 2016, it worsened when a new membership scheme removed concessionary ticket pricing for children and pensioners. One source close to the family said: “Someone said to me… he couldn’t believe Ehab doesn’t realise changing these concessions is wrong. I said to him, ‘I don’t think you realise, Ehab simply does not care.’ He thinks it is the right thing and it doesn’t really matter if the fans are going to kick off or not. It is what he is going to do. This is a difference between being aware of things and being responsive to things.” Concessions returned in 2019, amid the dwindling attendances, but large sections of supporters remain disgruntled. Supporters’ Trust chair Bielby claims the club are refusing to work with his group so long as he remains at the helm. In October 2017, supporters threw tennis balls onto the pitch during a 3-2 loss against Nottingham Forest — a reference to a 1998 protest against then-owner David Lloyd, the former British tennis player and Davis Cup captain. Bielby’s relationship with the Allams soured after he, as a joke, he gave them two “Allam Out” scarves as gifts. “I incurred their wrath around two years ago,” he says. “I was one of eight fans who sat on a supporters’ committee and when the tennis ball were sent onto the pitch in protest against Nottingham Forest, the owners came to the table and insisted it should not happen again. They charged me with talking to protestors and to halt protests. We somehow managed to do that for three months. “In the December, I had the lack of judgment possibly, but after what we thought was the end of a reasonably successful meeting, a four-hour meeting presenting various options on restoring concessions to match-day tickets, we presented them with two ‘Allam Out’ scarves from the protesting groups who they had refused to allow into these meetings. It was a bit of a joke but it was just after that the owners told the board of the supporters’ trust they would have a closer relationship if I was no longer chairman.” One former Hull player concludes: “The owners saved the club from going bust. But then they tried to change the name, and priced the club too high, were not willing to sell, which leaves a bitter taste in the fans’ mouths, really. We used to bump into them at the training ground. Have to say, as people, they were always pleasant enough. “It is strange. I know they are in the Championship at the moment but during their ownership, they have got to an FA Cup final, two promotions to the Premier League, but there still doesn’t seem to be any sort of relationship with the fanbase.” Resented by supporters, the Allams remain locked in a loveless marriage and a divorce does not yet seem imminent. Assem Allam is said to have re-emerged as a leading voice over the past six months but son Ehab continues to run the show. One source says: “Ehab decides what is going to be done and tells people to do it. There is no talking things over or thinking about things. It is what Ehab decides.” Since 2016, various takeover attempts have come and gone. Paul Duffen, chairman between 2007 and 2010, was granted a mandate to bring investors to the table. Chien Lee, now the owner of Barnsley in England and Nice in France, took a look, as did a Hong-Kong based group. Duffen then came close in 2018 with a Saudi consortium who were considering a £100 million takeover, only for it to once again collapse. “There have been other chancers and charlatans who came along,” reflects one industry source. Why do they always fail? Some close to the takeover bids doubt whether Assem Allam truly wishes to sell the club, while the owners have also bristled at times when asked to provide further access to the club’s data room. In 2018, the Hull City Supporters’ Trust were involved in a consortium with the sports investment firm SportyCo, yet this also failed to materialise. Well-placed sources familiar with the family insist the asking price remains above £40 million — in line with the debt still owed to the Allams — for a club on the brink of League One, without a stadium and stripped of its playing assets. “I would compare it to Wigan,” says one financial expert. “A recent Premier League (club) and FA Cup final history but down the bottom of the Championship. They (Wigan) went for less than £20 million (in 2018).” In the meantime, supporters watch on from their sofas, fearing imminent relegation. “It is a continuation of the past four years,” says Bielby. “It has been a steady, managed decline ever since. There has been a stream of very good players leaving the club or not taking up offers of contracts. Our owners are now well used to offering short and low-paid contracts and players vote with their feet. Not just players — we lost head coaches — many stating a lack of ambition. “Nigel Adkins, he did a great job as manager here and chose to have a year out rather than renew a contract. He stated a lack of ambition. Marco Silva moved to Watford but refused to sign the contract he was offered at Hull. They have all chosen to leave. Even local lads like Max Clark and Josh Tymon, local Hull lads playing for their team, surrounded by their family, have gone. “The owners decided to cash in on Bowen and Grosicki. For anyone for whom the penny was yet to drop, deadline day of the (January 2020) transfer window should have made it a crystal clear. It was a hammer blow to the mentality of the squad. We have long-term injuries, an inexperienced squad. “The biggest frustration last week in losing Lichaj and Irvine is losing big club players, captain and vice-captain, what is going wrong? Maybe there is one reason: the owners.”
2020.04.20 14:04 Fwoggie2Covid-19 update Monday 20th April
Good morning from the UK. I am late today but with good reason, my wife has had a really tough time this weekend with mental health (she is on meds for OCD, anxiety and Bipolar Type 2). Lockdown is tough for us all, but believe me it’s harder still for those with pre-existing mental difficulties. It could be worse, one of her friends (who has been sectioned before for mental breakdowns) is having to manage her mental health whilst fulfilling her duties as an A&E (ER) doctor in Wales. How my wife’s friend does it I have no idea, the stories coming out of UK hospitals are deeply disturbing (this link is 2 weeks old). Anyway, onto supply chain; this morning I read an article from Forbes about the problems supply chain disruptions can cause. Here’s a lengthy quote: “Our firm recently polled executives at major corporations around the world to ask them about the operational risks they perceived to their supply chains, and the response strategies they had in place. The results were enlightening. Executives identified a broad range of risks (see chart below), from volatile commodity prices (which 43% considered a major challenge), to protectionism (31%), to piracy (just 7%). That executives identified such a broad range of risks told us that global supply disruption is indeed a top-of-mind issue for managers of global corporations. When we asked a subsequent question about the strategies in place to mitigate these risks (see chart below), we found no favorites. Rather executives were across the board, choosing a number of different approaches, but not necessarily those best suited to the operational risks they were facing: 33% of respondents indicated that they would make no changes to their supply chains, 20% intended to decrease the number of production locations, and 15% planned to increase the same; and a range of other options as well. Given the nature of the modern, global corporation and the complex supply network that has developed around it, it is unsurprising that executives have not aligned on a unified strategy to mitigate supply chain risk. No longer does a supply chain consist of a simple process from factory to warehouse to delivery (if indeed it ever did). Rather, as new sources of supply have arisen, new markets have opened, and companies have sought greater scale and specialization. Supply chains have evolved into a network of hundreds of suppliers, sub-contractors and distribution centers, adding tremendous complexity… ...I was recently at a conference of supply chain executives in the United States who told me that planning is dead – the best they could hope to do was respond to risks as they arose. Who has the time, and what is the benefit, of planning in a world of continuous change, demand-driven marketing, and intense pressure for instantaneous responses?... ...In an environment where changes in global supply chain can be as sudden as they are unscripted, companies have to arm themselves with both foresight and peripheral vision, an understanding of the long-term, and agility to deal with the short-term. More than ever, companies have to provision for multiple scenarios and they can only do that by engaging in a dynamic and multi-dimensional scenario-based strategic planning process.” ---------- I like the last two paragraphs of the article in particular. In case anyone wants to read the rest of the article, it’s dated May 2010 and written in reaction to the eruption of Eyjafjallajökull and the chaos it caused to supply chains around the world. Plus ça change; it seems some boardrooms didn’t adjust their supply chains after that black swan event (maybe due to the cost and the resulting negative shareholder pushback). Link to the story.
Virus news in depth
Our Pandemic Summer: The fight against the coronavirus won’t be over when the U.S. reopens. Here’s how the nation must prepare itself. - The Atlantic has written a lengthy article about what the mid-long term looks like for the US in relation to getting back to normal after Covid-19. “I think people haven’t understood that this isn’t about the next couple of weeks,” said Michael Osterholm, an infectious-disease epidemiologist at the University of Minnesota. “This is about the next two years.” The article goes on to look at the pharmaceutical supply chain; “According to a University of Minnesota analysis, about 40 percent of the 156 drugs that are essential parts of critical care are becoming limited. Many of these depend on supply chains that involve China (where the pandemic began), Italy (the hardest-hit region in Europe), or India (which halted several exports)” … “Albuterol, the drug used in asthma inhalers, is scarce. Antibiotics, which control the secondary bacterial infections that afflict COVID-19 patients, are being depleted. Basic painkillers and sedatives, which are needed to keep patients on ventilators, are being exhausted. Hydroxychloroquine, the drug that Trump has repeatedly touted as a COVID-19 treatment despite a lack of good evidence, is running out, to the detriment of people with lupus and arthritis who depend on it. “It’s like everything we give to patients, we’re in short supply of,” said Esther Choo, an emergency physician at Oregon Health and Science University. “We’re now scrambling to find the backup medications, and we’ll run out of those too.”” (cont’d) If it turns out that, say, 20 percent of the U.S. has been infected, that would mean the coronavirus is more transmissible but less deadly than scientists think. It would also mean that a reasonable proportion of the country has some immunity. If that proportion could be slowly and safely raised to the level necessary for herd immunity—60 to 80 percent, depending on the virus’s transmissibility—the U.S. might not need to wait for a vaccine. However, if just 1 to 5 percent of the population has been infected—the range that many researchers think is likelier—that would mean “this is a truly devastating virus, and we have built up no real population immunity,” said Michael Mina, an epidemiologist and immunologist at Harvard. “Then we’re in dire straits in terms of how to move forward.” The article is lengthy and also discusses options for reopening the economy and society in the USA.
Virus news in brief
My usual sources are as normal The Guardian and CNN live blogs unless otherwise specified.
The price of US crude oil plunged almost 20%, to below $15, in early trading on Monday – its lowest point since 1999 – as stockpiles continued to build owing to a crash in demand caused by the Covid-19 pandemic.
In Australia, three of Sydney’s beaches were cautiously reopened on Monday but only for exercise. “Activities such as sitting on the sand, sun-baking or gathering in groups will not be permitted,” said the local mayor Danny Said.
Video: the centre of Adelaide city in Australia (population circa 1.3m) is so deserted that this Kangaroo was spotted hopping through the heart of the business district: South Australia Police tweet
Problems building in Japan - an infections disease expert at Kyoto hospital has warned that Japan’s hospitals were struggling to deal with Covid-19 patients, adding that the government’s response to the recent rise in infections had been too slow. He said Japan’s initial approach – to identify and contain infection clusters – had worked well until major cities such as Tokyo and Osaka started reporting significant rises in cases from the second half of March. “Japan’s government should have changed strategy earlier,” Iwata said, referring to the shift to wider testing combined with social distancing. “There was a tremendous delay and that has caused huge problems,” he said. Hospitals initially designated to treat patients with the illness had become unable to deal with the growing number of cases, leaving other hospitals unprepared to fill the treatment gap. “If you aren’t prepared and your staff aren’t trained, you can’t just admit Covid-19 patients,” Iwata said. “Many hospitals are not ready to fight against Covid-19. That’s why there have been reports of ambulances going from one hospital to another” in Tokyo, Osaka, Kobe and other cities. He added: “We needed to change strategy immediately, but traditionally, Japan isn’t good at doing that. When we have a plan A we are poor at converting it into a plan B. Bureaucrats don’t like admitting that their original plan failed – that was the main shortcoming.”
The same infections disease expert is also querying whether holding the Olympics next year is realistic. “I don’t think the Olympics are likely to be held next year. People will be coming from hundreds of nations ... and although Japan might have the disease under control by next summer, I don’t think that will be the case everywhere.” Devi Sridhar, chair of global health at the University of Edinburgh, said last week that hosting the event in just over a year’s time would be “very unrealistic” unless a vaccine became available. “If we do get a vaccine within the next year then actually I think that (the Olympics) is realistic,” Sridhar said, according to the BBC website. “The vaccine will be the game changer - an effective, affordable, available vaccine. If we don’t get a scientific breakthrough then I think that looks very unrealistic.” John Coates, the head of the IOC’s coordination commission, told reporters last week that it was still “too early to say” if the outbreak could further impact the Olympics, including forcing another delay or banning spectators.
Hong Kong authorities have reported zero new cases of Covid-19 today. The last time Hong Kong had no new cases was on 5 March. The city is currently under strict - but sometimes complicated- social distancing rules, including no more than four people gathering together. Bars, pubs and clubs, as well as gyms, game halls, and beauty parlours are closed.
Singapore has confirmed an additional 1,426 cases of Covid-19 infection, a record daily jump that took the city-state’s tally to 8,014. Its health ministry said the vast majority of the new cases were among migrant workers living in dormitories. As many as 90% of infections have reportedly been linked to these workers. Singapore’s number of deaths currently stands at 11. The latest rise means the city-state, which has a population of 5.6 million, has seen its total confirmed cases soar from 2,800 to more than 8,000 in the past seven days, according to data from Johns Hopkins University.
India has recorded its biggest single-day rise in coronavirus cases, the Associated Press reports. as the government eased one of the world’s strictest lockdowns. An additional 1,553 cases were reported over the past 24 hours, raising the total past 17,000. At least 543 people have died and epidemiologists forecast the peak may not be reached before June.
In Iran, where the outbreak has killed at least 5,000 people, some social distancing rules were relaxed last week and on Monday some major shopping centres and inner-city highways were reopened. Stores from high-end malls to the meandering alleyways of Tehran’s historic Grand Bazaar opened their doors, the Associated Press reports, though the government limited their working hours until 6 pm. Restaurants, gyms and other locations remain closed.
Spain has reported 399 coronavirus deaths in the past 24 hours, lower than Sunday’s figure of 410 and confirming the downward trend. A total of 20,852 people have died of the disease in Spain, with over 200,000 infected and more than 80,000 cured. Spanish PM Pedro Sánchez is expected to ask parliament tomorrow to extend the lockdown until 11 May.
French schools will begin to open next month at the planned end to the strict lockdown but the return to classes will be gradual, the prime minister Édouard Philippe has said. In an address last week, Emmanuel Macron announced nurseries, primary and secondary schools would open again on 11 May. The lockdown had led to fewer contacts bringing the contamination rate down to one contaminated person spreading the disease to 0.6 others. When the lockdown is lifted the authorities will be looking at keeping the rate at one person contaminating at the most one other, the PM added.
UK: There’s increasing anger at the (right wing) UK government in major newspapers at a lack of PPE for UK medical staff. Headlines include Guardian (left wing broadsheet): “Hospital leaders attack government as anger grows over PPE shortage”, Daily Mail (right wing tabloid): “Betrayal of our bravest: Hospitals run out of protective gowns TODAY a airlift of 400,000 replacements grounded. Now doctors face stark choice: save patients or themselves.”, Mirror (left wing tabloid) “Now lifesaving kit for NHS heroes doesn’t turn up”. The usually strongly supportive Daily Telegraph (right wing broadsheet) goes with “Two thirds of children fail to log on for lessons” but has a large picture of a protesting medical worker holding a sign “Protect healthcare workers”. Officials admitted on Sunday that PM Boris Johnson missed five emergency meetings in the early stages of the pandemic.
Violence and looting point to food crisis in S.Africa lockdown. France 24 has an article warning that with poor people running out of food due to no income as a result of the lockdown in South Africa, hundreds of angry people have fought running battles with the police, hurling rocks and setting up street barricades with burning tyres in Mitchells Plain over undelivered food parcels on Tuesday. Police fired rubber bullets and teargas to disperse them. Social commentators fear such violent episodes could escalate. "There's a bunch of us at home getting fat and there's a bunch of people who really have nothing," said Julian May, director of the Centre of Excellence in Food Security, at the University of the Western Cape. "And it speaks a lot about the inequalities in South Africa (that) are likely to come out," said May. "As people are not getting food parcels or hear of other people getting parcels they are starting to react. And I don't think that's going to ease unless there's more rapid delivery of food to people in poor areas."South Africa is ranked one of the most unequal countries in the world.
US: Multiple governors have accused Donald Trump of making “delusional” and “dangerous” statements amid mounting tensions between the president and state leaders over coronavirus testing and pressure to roll back stay-at-home measures. The United States has by far the world’s largest number of confirmed coronavirus cases, with more than 730,000 infections and over 39,600 deaths. Many state leaders have said they cannot embark on Trump’s recommended three-phrase programme to ease stay-at-home restrictions without a robust and widespread system of testing in place. The Guardian has more here or you can see Republican Maryland Governor Larry Hogan being interviewed about it here.
US: The 2020 Atlantic hurricane season is expected to be an active one according to researchers at North Carolina State University, says a local CNBC affiliate. This continues a trend for many organizations who have issued tropical forecasts for the upcoming season. The NC State University team forecast calls for 18-22 named storms, 8-11 hurricanes, 3-5 majors (i.e. cat 3 or higher) with the Gulf of Mexico identified as particularly at risk. Colorado State University, Accuweather, the university of Arizona have all issued an above average forecasts for above average hurricane season. (
Personal note: If you are on the Eastern seaboard of the US and in a hurricane prone area, it would be a good idea to review your hurricane plans and supplies now, e.g do you have a generator and does it work, spare fuel, batteries, candles, do you have enough long life food already stored + cleaning products, do you have an alternative method of cooking food, what’s your evacuation plan, etc etc. See https://www.weather.gov/safety/hurricane-plan for help with this and note FEMA is already under a lot of strain due to the virus and would thus likely struggle with a major hurricane impact on the US seaboard - see also this USA Today article dated 6th April this year on that topic).
Anti lockdown protestors and medical staff have faced off in Denver (link).
Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro joined a rally in the country's capital on Sunday, where protesters called for an end to quarantine measures and some urged military intervention to shut down Congress and the Supreme Court. Congress and the Supreme Court have supported social isolation measures imposed by governors. The President didn’t wear a mask and coughed several times while speaking to the crowd of a couple of hundred supporters in Brasilia. “(Everyone must) do whatever is necessary for the country to have the prominent place it deserves,” he said. “We will not negotiate anything.”
Supply chain news in depth
Susceptibilities of Solar Energy Supply Chains - The Global policy journal has written a detailed review of the supply chain disruption faced by the solar panel industry here. Whilst manufacturing was significantly reduced from January to March in China (down 13.5%) and is now almost fully recovered, its reliance on materials from around the world mean the supply chain is exposed in other parts. China has the majority market share in the mining or processing of most minerals used in solar panels, such as: silicon, aluminum, selenium, tellurium, arsenic, cadmium, and gallium. However, China still depends on many other countries to complete their solar panels, such as Peru for copper, Saudi Arabian oil for energy, and Japan for silicon wafers. In mid-March, Chinese owned mining company MMG Ltd reduced operations at its Peruvian copper mine after Peru declared a state of emergency in response to the coronavirus. Due to the damaged mining link in the supply chain, an initial spike in solar module price is expected due to shortages of materials for solar wafers and module glass, affecting the solar industry for months to come. Kangping Chen, the CEO of the top solar module supplier in the world, JinkoSolar, stated that around 400-500MW of Q1 2020 shipments are likely to be postponed to Q2 2020. The 500 MW postponement is approximately 14% of JinkoSolar’s 3.6GW quarterly solar panels production last year. The Solar Energy Industries Association (SEIA) stated that “before the pandemic hit, the solar industry was poised to set a record for deployment in 2020,” with solar installers being America’s fastest growing profession. A new SEIA survey now suggests cancellation rates for residential solar systems in the US are now at 19%, with postponement rates hitting upwards of 50% in some areas. Illinois adjusts on the fly to meet medical supply needs in a coronavirus ‘Wild West’ - The Chicago Sun Times details a story from about two weeks ago where Illinois officials tracked down a supply of 1.5 million potentially life-saving N95 respirator masks in China through a middleman in the Chicago area and negotiated a deal to buy them. One day before they were expecting to complete the purchase, they got a call in the morning from the supplier informing them he had to get a check to the bank by 2 p.m. that day, or the deal was off. Other bidders had surfaced. Realizing there was no way the supplier could get to Springfield and back by the deadline, Illinois assistant comptroller Ellen Andres jumped in her car and raced north on I-55 with a check for $3,469,600. That’s just a taste of the “Wild West” world of emergency procurement taking place over the past several weeks as the state fights for equipment and supplies to protect frontline workers and patients in the battle against COVID-19. Most of that work is being performed by Gov. J.B. Pritzker’s administration through a rapid-procurement strike team, pulling together procurement specialists from around state government under the auspices of the Illinois Emergency Management Agency. As Pritzker has made clear at his daily briefings, it’s an effort made all the more difficult by the absence of a strong, coordinated White House response. That’s left Illinois competing against other states, foreign nations and even our own federal government for the same materials. They’re all looking for what we have come to know as PPE or personal protective equipment — masks, gloves, gowns and face shields — plus coronavirus testing kits and swabs and, most prized of all, ventilators to help those most seriously ill keep breathing. SWABS, STAT! Inside the Maine factory racing to supply America with virus test swabs. - If you’ve ever used a home DNA kit, opened wide and said “ahh,” or measured the depth of a knife wound in a stabbing victim, chances are you’ve used a device made by Puritan Medical Products Co, says Bloomberg. And if you’re tested for Covid-19, the disease caused by the new coronavirus, it’s quite likely that the swab used to collect a sample from inside your nose will have been made by Puritan, too. Located in Guilford, Maine (population 1,521), Puritan is one of two companies that make essentially all of the swabs used for coronavirus testing. (The other, Copan Diagnostics Inc., is in Italy, an epicenter of the deadly virus.) (Cont’d) “Swabs could be a weak link in broadening testing,” former U.S. Food and Drug Administration Commissioner Scott Gottlieb tweeted on March 16. That was four days after Puritan first started getting calls from the U.S. government, according to Timothy Templet, executive vice president for global sales, who entered the conversations himself shortly thereafter. “I’ve been on the phone since Saturday with many government organizations—Health and Human Services, FDA, working groups—just trying to provide accurate information regarding the ability to produce as many swabs for the country as we possibly can,” he says. The federal government, however, doesn’t buy directly from Puritan. Instead it helps coordinate with Puritan and other medical suppliers and distributors to get the swabs where they need to go. “We are ramping up to produce and wrap a million swabs a week that we need to put into the supply chain across the U.S.,” Templet says. His problem? Not enough machines or labour to meet demand. **In Pursuit of PPE (**Or if you prefer, “how I managed to buy some PPE on the American black market for my hospital”)- The New England Journal of Medicine is not something I often read (Actually I’ve never read it before in my life) but this article caught my eye: As a chief physician executive, I rarely get involved in my health system’s supply-chain activities. The Covid-19 pandemic has changed that. Protecting our caregivers is essential so that these talented professionals can safely provide compassionate care to our patients. Yet we continue to be stymied by a lack of personal protective equipment (PPE), and the cavalry does not appear to be coming. Deals, some bizarre and convoluted, and many involving large sums of money, have dissolved at the last minute when we were outbid or outmuscled, sometimes by the federal government. Then we got lucky, but getting the supplies was not easy. (Cont’d) A lead came from an acquaintance of a friend of a team member. After several hours of vetting, we grew confident of the broker’s professional pedigree and the potential to secure a large shipment of three-ply face masks and N95 respirators. The latter were KN95 respirators, N95s that were made in China. We received samples to confirm that they could be successfully fit-tested. Despite having cleared this hurdle, we remained concerned that the samples might not be representative of the bulk of the products that we would be buying. Having acquired the requisite funds — more than five times the amount we would normally pay for a similar shipment, but still less than what was being requested by other brokers — we set the plan in motion. Three members of the supply-chain team and a fit tester were flown to a small airport near an industrial warehouse in the mid-Atlantic region. I arrived by car to make the final call on whether to execute the deal. Two semi-trailer trucks, cleverly marked as food-service vehicles, met us at the warehouse. When fully loaded, the trucks would take two distinct routes back to Massachusetts to minimize the chances that their contents would be detained or redirected. (Cont’d) Hours before our planned departure, we were told to expect only a quarter of our original order. We went anyway, since we desperately needed any supplies we could get. Upon arrival, we were jubilant to see pallets of KN95 respirators and face masks being unloaded. We opened several boxes, examined their contents, and hoped that this random sample would be representative of the entire shipment. Before we could send the funds by wire transfer, two Federal Bureau of Investigation agents arrived, showed their badges, and started questioning me. No, this shipment was not headed for resale or the black market. The agents checked my credentials, and I tried to convince them that the shipment of PPE was bound for hospitals. After receiving my assurances and hearing about our health system’s urgent needs, the agents let the boxes of equipment be released and loaded into the trucks. But I was soon shocked to learn that the Department of Homeland Security was still considering redirecting our PPE. Only some quick calls leading to intervention by our congressional representative prevented its seizure. I remained nervous and worried on the long drive back, feelings that did not abate until midnight, when I received the call that the PPE shipment was secured at our warehouse.
Supply chain news in brief
Some people have been querying why farmers are being forced to dump food whilst at the same time there’s difficulty elsewhere in supplying food banks or supermarkets fast enough. The reason is that b2b (business to business) supply chains are set up very differently to b2c (Business to consumer) supply chains and it’s harder than you’d initially think to rapidly switch from one to the other; effectively they’re having to adjust on the fly on a day by day basis. Civileats.com has a good explanation of why it’s hard to change things around quickly and what firms are doing to try to reroute food to where it’s most needed.
The UN states in a press release (here) that cereal supplies are plentiful at the moment and prices remain low - at least for now. Given the highly globalized nature of food production and supply, commodities need to move from the world’s ‘breadbaskets’ to where they are consumed – and COVID-19-related containment measures are starting to make this more challenging. “Disruptions are so far minimal; food supply is adequate, and markets are relatively stable,” said WFP Senior Spokesperson, Elizabeth Byrs, noting that global cereal stocks are at comfortable levels and the outlook for wheat and other staple crops is positive for the rest of this year. “But we may soon expect to see disruptions in food supply chains”, she said, explaining that if big importers lose confidence in the reliable flow of basic food commodities, panic buying could ensue, driving prices up. For low-income countries, the consequences could be devastating, with long-term repercussions, with coping strategies coming at the expense of such essential services as health and education.
Honeywell has announced that its Rhode Island facility is starting to produce masks. Normally it would take 9 months to set up a production line; they managed it in 5 weeks. See here for a PR from them.
UK government stockpiles containing protective equipment for healthcare workers in the event of a pandemic fell in value by almost 40% over the past six years, the Guardian has found. Analysis of official financial data suggests £325m was wiped off the value of the Department of Health and Social Care (DHSC) emergency stockpile, reducing it from £831m in 2013 under the Conservative-led coalition government to £506m by March last year. The finding is likely to raise further questions for the health secretary, Matt Hancock, who faced criticism over the weekend after urging healthcare workers not to “overuse” personal protective equipment (PPE). More on that here.
Amazon is tweaking its algorithms to get you to buy less not more; Business Standard reports that Amazon is trying to get you to reduce your purchase of non essential products to help it keep up with shipping of the more essential products. Normal promotions have been stopped, prime day is postponed, it doesn’t tell you any more what other people have bought. The article goes on to point out that it isn’t just Amazon doing this; Expedia expects its advertising spend to drop by more than 80% this year.
Budget airline Indigo (fabulous name for an airline) is the latest to start doing cargo only flights with its passenger airlines (Stat Times link)
Good news section
Deserted Thai beaches lure rare turtles to build most nests in 20 years - Thailand has found the largest number of nests of rare leatherback sea turtles in two decades on beaches bereft of tourists because of the coronavirus pandemic, environmentalists say. In Thailand, with 2,765 infections and 47 deaths, travel curbs ranging from a ban on international flights to an appeal to citizens to stay home have brought a collapse in tourist numbers, but freed up the beaches for wildlife. The 11 turtle nests authorities have found since last November were the highest number in 20 years, said Kongkiat Kittiwatanawong, the director of the Phuket Marine Biological Center. “This is a very good sign for us because many areas for spawning have been destroyed by humans,” he told Reuters. No such nests had been found for the previous five years. Leatherbacks are the world’s largest sea turtles. They are considered endangered in Thailand, and listed as a vulnerable species globally by the International Union for Conservation of Nature. They lay their eggs in dark and quiet areas, scarce when tourists thronged the beaches. People have also been known to dig into their nests and steal eggs. (link) Minnesota trooper's roadside gesture during traffic stop brings doctor to tears - A state trooper pulled over a doctor for speeding on an east-central Minnesota interstate, told her she should know better and sent her on her way grateful for receiving only a warning and not a ticket. The trooper also gave her a fistful of coveted N95 medical masks that were issued for his protection from the deadly coronavirus pandemic. “I burst into tears,” Dr. Sarosh Ashraf Janjua, a Boston native and cardiologist, wrote in a detailed Facebook account of the traffic stop on March 21 along Interstate 35 in North Branch as she traveled from work in Duluth for a break in Minneapolis. “I think he teared up a little as well before wishing me well and walking away.” Janjua also saw the masks handed to her as having value beyond their role in stemming the virus’ spread. “This complete stranger, who owed me nothing and is more on the front lines than I am, shared his precious masks with me, without my even asking,” she wrote. “The veil of civilization may be thin, but not all that lies behind it is savage. We are going to be OK.” (Star Tribune link)
2020.04.18 10:58 Fwoggie2Covid-19 update Saturday 18th April
Good morning from the UK again. It’s Saturday 18th April. Today’s post is earlier than normal because I aim to spend as much time as possible today setting up my allotment for veg growing. There’ll be no post whatsoever tomorrow, because I’m going to spend even more time on that allotment setting it up to grow food as soon as possible. The UK’s future food supply chain doesn’t look pretty you see; we need 80,000 workers for this year’s food production. So far 32,000 out of work Brits have signed up but already British food producers are resorting to flying in East European workers with experience on chartered planes. Away from the British food supply chain and onto Covid-19 testing; to counter the BBC and provide some competition the UK has a successful commercial TV station network called ITV and it has a political editor called Robert Peston (who many British redditors will be familiar with); last night Peston sent out an interesting tweet with a summary of the Covid-19 testing performance of 20 developed countries. You can read the table in full here but the TLDR is that Iceland has managed to test 11.6% of its population (which is only around 364,000 to be fair) but Germany (around 83m) has tested 2.06%, the troubled USA (328m) has managed 1.03% while the UK (66.6m) - well they are bottom of the table, they’ve managed just 0.5% of the population. The Daily Mail (usually an enthusiastic supporter of the government) is attacking the government over the insufficient testing rate (link), asking why the Business Secretary Alok Sharma told yesterday's Downing Street press conference that 21,328 tests were carried out yesterday given that No10 (Downing Street) has estimated that the UK's testing capacity is now at 38,000 a day. It says that ministers are continuing to struggle to explain why actual test numbers are falling so far short of what could be done - the Health secretary Matt Hancock had pledged up to 100,000 tests per day by the end of April and previously Boris Johnson had pledged 250,000. In some cases, NHS nurses are driving up to 2 hours to get to a test centre only to be turned away and told to come back another time says the Mail. Meawhile, British MPs yesterday heard evidence from UCL Professor Anthony Costello about Covid-19. An ex-director at the World Health Organisation, he said that whilst the UK’s death toll is already over 14,000, the total death toll could be 40,000 in the first wave - and potentially there could be another 9 waves afterwards. It’ll take up to six more waves before at least 40million Britons have been infected to build-up the nation's herd immunity. The Daily Mail has more on the professor’s comments here as does Reuters here.
Virus news in depth
UK health system runs out of full length gown PPE - NHS bosses have asked doctors and nurses to work without protective full-length gowns when treating Covid-19 patients, as hospitals came within hours of running out of supplies. The guidance is a reversal of Public Health England (PHE) guidelines stipulating that full-length waterproof surgical gowns, designed to stop coronavirus droplets getting into someone’s mouth or nose, should be worn for all high-risk hospital procedures. In a significant U-turn, PHE advised frontline staff to wear a flimsy plastic apron with coveralls when gowns ran out, in a move that doctors and nurses fear may lead to more of them contracting the virus and ultimately putting lives at risk. The PHE announcement on Friday evening came shortly after the planned move was revealed by the Guardian.
Teachers, nurses and other workers who are regularly exposed to the public must now take a coronavirus test if they want to leave Wuhan, China has ruled.
Hospitals in Japan are increasingly turning away sick people as the country struggles with surging coronavirus infections and its emergency medical system collapses, Associated Press has reported. In one recent case, an ambulance carrying a man with a fever and difficulty breathing was rejected by 80 hospitals and forced to search for hours for a hospital in downtown Tokyo that would treat him. Another feverish man finally reached a hospital after paramedics unsuccessfully contacted 40 clinics.
The Nigerian president's chief of staff, Abba Kyari, died on Friday after contracting the new coronavirus, two presidency spokesmen said on Twitter. Kyari, who was in his 70s and had underlying health problems including diabetes, was the top official aide to 77-year-old President Muhammadu Buhari and one of the most powerful men in the country.
Washington Governor Jay Inslee on Friday accused Donald Trump of "fomenting domestic rebellion and spreading lies" after the United States president urged supporters to "LIBERATE" three states led by Democratic governors. "The president's statements this morning encourage illegal and dangerous acts. He is putting millions of people in danger of contracting COVID-19," Inslee said in a series of tweets on Friday afternoon.
US President Donald Trump says he remains hopeful that he will be able to resume campaign rallies ahead of the November election. Trump said that he does not want social distancing at his rallies, which typically draw big crowds, because doesn't want attendees to miss the "flavour" of the experience. Trump stopped holding his big stadium rallies in early March because of the coronavirus pandemic. The president predicted that when the rallies resume they'll be "bigger than ever." He plans to travel to the US Military Academy in New York next month to deliver the commencement ceremony.
Comic-Con has been cancelled. It was scheduled to be held in Southern California for 23-26 July and was expected to attract more than 130,000 people. More here.
Canada's transport agency has announced that all airline passengers would be required to wear a non-medical mask or face covering during travel to curb the spread of coronavirus. The regulator said travellers must cover their mouth and nose during the boarding process and flights. The rule goes into effect on Monday.
Supply chain news in depth
3D printing enthusiasts are working from home to help hospitals fight coronavirus - CNN reports that a 3D-printing enthusiast, Parker was fascinated by stories of people in Italy using the technology to help manufacture equipment and protective items at a time when supplies of important medical gear are running low. "[I thought] if I'm sitting at home just tinkering with my 3D printers anyway, or they're sitting idle, what can I do to jump in and help out where I can?" he said. In the past week, Parker said he has produced at least 40 ventilator splitters for hospitals across the US. The simple plastic pipe can help stretch the capabilities of the country's limited supply of ventilators by dividing the air flow from a single ventilator to multiple patients. Each ventilator splitter takes about an hour and 45 minutes to print. Parker and his fellow 3D printers have sent off hundreds of splitters to hospitals across the US, and are discussing sending them around the world. Fresh produce goes to waste as coronavirus wrecks supply chains - TheHill reports that farmers are finding it difficult to sell their products and distributors are struggling to redirect food quickly with restaurants, schools and offices closed. Experts and industry groups say the changes brought on by the pandemic, which has shut down huge swathes of the economy and kept millions at home, can't easily be accommodated by the complex supply chain networks already in place and an estimated $5bn worth of food has already been wasted. The American Farm Bureau Federation, an industry trade group, and Feeding America, a nonprofit network of food banks, wrote to Agriculture Secretary Sonny Perdue last week about the increase in wasted produce and floated a voucher program to get those agricultural goods to food banks in need. Since the beginning of the coronavirus crisis, 98 percent of food banks reported an increase in demand for food assistance, according to Feeding America, with millions out of work. (Cont’d) Experts say that consumers are still buying fresh fruits and vegetables, but the retail market can't keep up with the increased demand as more Americans cook meals at home and with restaurants and other businesses demand drying, farmers are finding it harder to sell their goods. Adding to the problem is that consumers' purchasing habits are also changing because of panic buying. Consumers may also be buying items that last longer instead of perishables, like fresh fruits and vegetables, so they can avoid trips to the store. “In judging by the shelves when I go to the stores, many of the items that I would normally recommend in these uncertain times are depleting. It is more difficult to find dried bean or high-shelf-life stable products. Frozen and canned fruits and vegetables are very inexpensive with long shelf lives,” Connie Weaver, distinguished professor at Purdue University’s Department of Nutrition Science. Agriculture group seeking more support for farmers amid coronavirus pandemic - Globalnews.ca reports that the Canadian Federation of Agriculture says Ottawa should make the industry a priority during the COVID-19 pandemic, second only to the health of Canadians, to safeguard the country’s food supply. President Mary Robinson told a news conference Thursday that the industry is struggling with farmers being hit by higher costs due to the pandemic and a shortage of temporary foreign workers. “We do not mean to create panic. At the same time it would be irresponsible not to sound the alarm about the realities Canadian farmers are facing,” said Robinson. “Canadian farmers need immediate, meaningful help from our federal government to continue fulfilling that responsibility. Agriculture, the foundation of our overall food supply, is at this very moment in time at a tipping point… Canadian farmers are feeling increasingly stressed. In fact, right now, some farmers are so worried about the mounting challenges they are strongly considering halting their farming operations altogether… Another fear is if planting does go ahead will harvest and processing be possible without sufficient labour or will crops rot in the field as we are seeing now in other countries?” She warned that consumers could see a decrease in the amount and variety of food in grocery stores, as well as higher prices, if action isn’t taken. How medical supply chains can diversify beyond COVID-19 - Supplychaindive has an interesting piece on how the pharmaceutical supply chain will adjust after the outbreak is over. Mitigating shortages should be part of the healthcare system’s emergency plans — especially with procurement heavily weighted toward global sources, said Nada Sanders, a supply chain management professor at Northeastern University. "This is something companies should have learned," she told Supply Chain Dive. With 9/11, SARS and the 2011 tsunami in Japan, "we’ve had massive disruption that comes on a regular basis." The pharmaceutical industry’s motivation is lowering cost in the short-term, she said, and this results in supply problems during emergency events like COVID-19. An estimated 80% of active pharmaceutical ingredients (API) come from abroad, typically China and India. With India sourcing about 70% of APIs from China, a kink in either country presents problems for the U.S. "As a society, we rely heavily on medication," Sanders said, making it risky to depend so heavily on one region. With commodity goods like generic drugs, supply chains are narrow, because low price is the top priority. When drugs are produced for pennies instead of dollars, you have to create these unbelievably efficient and narrow supply chains that have no redundancy and no resiliency. Mask manufacturers, including U.S. and Canadian companies producing in China, were forced for a time period to sell their products exclusively to the Chinese government. The article goes on to list steps the pharmaceutical chain needs to take after the outbreak to avoid repeated problems in the next pandemic. These include transparency improvements, an increase of in-country and near-shoring (i.e. an overseas location that’s still geographically close by) and leveraging of artificial intelligence. The Crash of the $8.5 Billion Global Flower Trade - A delayed wedding is hardly a disaster during a pandemic that’s killing thousands of people a day. But in greenhouses from the highlands of Ecuador and Colombia to the shores of Kenya’s Lake Naivasha, growers are already stacking roses in compost heaps. Within days of the lockdown orders in the U.S. and Europe, as events were canceled, restaurants closed, and offices emptied, demand for stems evaporated. The crash of the $8.5 billion global trade in cut flowers shows how quickly and distinctively the new coronavirus is disrupting supply chains, even in places where it isn’t yet pervasive. After only a few weeks of quarantine, Vermont farmers are dumping milk in manure pits because of canceled orders from schools. Crops are withering in Europe as closed borders prevent migrant farmworkers from harvesting them. American chicken wing prices cratered before what’s normally a March Madness-driven boom. In India, farmers are unloading ripening grapes at one-sixth the usual price. It’s an open question whether, when consumers start spending again, their former suppliers will still be around to sell to them. On March 16th, the day a bride-to-be featured in this article postponed her wedding, wholesale rose prices in Dutch trade auction houses dropped to €0.07 (8¢) a stem that day, down 70% from their price a year earlier with traders struggling to make any deals. At the Naaldwijk auction site, outside The Hague, workers tossed cartful after cartful of wrapped bouquets and potted houseplants on the floor so small tractors could scoop them into dumpsters. The auction house could stabilize prices only by capping supply at 30% of last year’s level. In Kenya where $1bn USD worth of flowers are flown to Europe every year, a flower grower that employs 1,200 people is losing $327,000 per month and says he can only cope for a few months more. A widower with three children who works for him has seen her income slashed by half from $135 per month - despite the fact that the farm where she works is fair trade certified. Parcel carriers struggle with B2C volume surge - You'd think this would be a nice problem to have but no; The Loadstar says that in some areas parcel volumes have exploded. Deutsche Post says it's seeing levels it usually experiences in the run up to Christmas, in some parts of rural Norway volumes are up 450% while Swiss Post has rationed the amount of parcels it'll carry daily for its largest customers. Horst Manner-Romberg, principal of parcel logistics research and consulting firm M-R-U, confirmed the strong growth, but added that B2B volumes had collapsed almost entirely, with many businesses closed and shipments of parts and components down drastically. Moreover, many e-commerce merchants are actually hurting as traffic in garments, shoes, electronics and books has fallen. Overall, parcel traffic has actually declined, as the rise in B2C shipments does not compensate for the drop in B2B traffic, Mr Manner-Romberg said. Those with exposure to the B2C market have been stretched severely, partly because of staff shortages, he noted. In the first week of April, only 11,600 of the 53,000 employees of the Spanish postal service were working. Measures to prevent the spread of Covid-19 are also taking a toll on productivity. Most operators have split their staff sorting parcels at their hubs into two groups, so one can continue working if the other is hit by an outbreak and has to quarantine all members, Mr Manner-Romberg said. As a result, staff are overworked and productivity is suffering, he added.Other operators have reacted to the Covid-19 outbreak with drastic measures. The French postal service closed 90% of its outlets and halved delivery frequency to three days a week, but was forced by the government to reverse this decision.
Supply chain news in brief
Walmart said on Friday it would hire 50,000 more workers at its stores, clubs and distribution centers to meet a surge in demand for groceries and household essentials from consumers stockpiling during the coronavirus outbreak, Reuters has reported. The retailer said it had reached its earlier target of hiring 150,000 workers six weeks ahead of schedule, taking in 5,000 people per day on average at a time when millions of Americans are losing their jobs amid unprecedented “stay-at-home” orders. From next week, the retailer will require all of its workers to wear face coverings.
Cargo rail movements in the US are down more than 20% year on year says supplychain247. Data issued this week by the Association of American Railroads (AAR) says that only one of the 10 carload commodities tracked by the AAR—grain—saw an annual increase, rising 595 carloads, to 22,237. Notable commodity groups seeing declines included coal, down 29,609 carloads, to 52,468; motor vehicles and parts, down 15,521 carloads, to 2,185; and metallic ores and metals, down 5,982 carloads, to 17,949. “The [COVID-19] pandemic is affecting firms in every industry, and railroads are no exception,” said AAR Senior Vice President John T. Gray in a statement. “When rail customers suffer a drop in demand for their products, their need for transportation services declines as well, and that negatively impacts rail volumes.”
3M is targeting an unauthorised distributor who attempted to price gouge 3M manufactured N95 masks says ipwatchdog.com. “3M’s lawsuit centers around an allegation that, as the effects of the COVID-19 were being most acutely felt across the United States, Performance Supply sent a quote to New York City’s procurement office offering to sell the city a very large shipment of N95 respirator masks numbering in the millions for what 3M called a ‘grossly inflated aggregate price’ representing a markup of 500% to 600% over 3M’s list price.”
Convoy, the Seattle-based digital freight network, on Thursday announced that it will pay the trucking costs for any business in the U.S. wanting to donate a truckload of product to the business’ local food bank (link)
One for any newbies to supply chain - What is supply chain disruption and why is COVID-19 different? Flexe (a successful several-years-old startup that aims to become the airbnb of warehousing) goes into what disrupts a supply chain and why this event is different (link)
Airfreight rates continue to go higher than ever on some tradelanes says the Loadstar. Forwarders are reporting more than $500,000 for an Asia-Europe A330 charter, and more than $21 per kg for some urgent shipments on transatlantic routes. The head of airfreight at Flexport pointed out maintenance requirements may reduce availabilities of freighters (cargo only planes) in coming weeks. “Freighters are flying maximum hours, and available capacity is selling out almost immediately. Most freighter carriers are sold out through May and there is little room to add additional flights. For comparison, recent data from Seabury showed that the global widebody freighter fleet is flying close to 17% more block hours than it did in January. So aircraft are going to require maintenance in the coming months.” American Airlines (AA) said yesterday that, from 1 May, it was adding surcharges for late changes or cancellations. “Customers with shipments over 100kg will be responsible for paying a fee, starting at $50, for late cancellation, late reduction in chargeable weight or failure to show,” said the carrier. Full policy details can be found at aacargo.com/rates.
Asia to Europe seafreight rates are significantly dropping due to a collapse in demand says The Loadstar. CMA CGM (a major container ship operator) has dropped its 40ft high-cube FAK (FAK = Freight all kinds. It's an industry term which means it's a predefined rate for a container filled with freight of all kinds for large volume shippers e.g. for the benefit of the larger freight forwarding companies to generate a flat fee per container) rate for North Europe from $2,550 to $1,750 from 1 May, with other carriers on the route offering similar discounts. Hapag-Lloyd, for example has set its 40ft high-cube FAK rate at $1,890 from the same date. For the more robust Asia to West Mediterranean tradelane, CMA CGM has reduced its FAK rate to $1,850 for a 40ft high-cube, compared with $2,350 previously, while Hapag-Lloyd’s rate will be $2,110.
Vehicles are the latest congestion problem for ports says the Loadstar- dealers are failing to collect vehicles due to a collapse of sales in their showrooms.
2020.03.16 13:12 rusticgorillaLost in the Sauce: March 8 - 14
Welcome to Lost in the Sauce, keeping you caught up on political and legal news that often gets buried in distractions and theater. House-keeping:
How to read: Since the coronavirus was the one big story last week, I’m going to do away with the “Main Course” division this week - these are all “sides” in the sense that I have a feeling many people missed these developments.
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Let’s dig in! Since the coronavirus was the one big story last week, I’m going to do away with the “Main Course” division this week - these are all “sides” in the sense that I have a feeling many people missed these developments.
Senate Homeland Security Committee Chairman Ron Johnson (R-WI) canceled a planned vote to issue a subpoena in its investigation into Hunter Biden and his work in Ukraine. Johnson informed the committee that instead of subpoenaing former consultant Andrii Telizhenko, he will issue a subpoena to the Democratic public relations firm he worked for: Blue Star Strategies. Although Johnson said the subpoena vote was canceled to give senators time to “receive additional briefings,” a Ukrainian source (Chief editor of The Odessa Review Vladislav Davidzon) told CNN that the subject of the subpoena, Telizhenko, offered him cash to lobby Republican politicians to speak out against Ukraine’s anti-corruption efforts - specifically Ukrainian lawmaker’s attempts to censure two media networks for “broadcasting Russian propaganda.”
In October 2018, the same month that lawmakers voted in favor of a resolution to sanction the two stations, Telizhenko wrote to Davidzon, asking: "Have a question do you or your father have contacts with US Senators? I really need a favour for witch (sic) I can pay up to 5k." ...After expressing concerns about how the new Ukrainian proposals could shut the broadcasters down, Telizhenko then says: “My question is is it possible to get an official comment on a Senators (Rand Paul, Lindsey Graham for example) website next week about this situation of censorship in Ukraine? Really important for me and need fast.”
Ranking member on the committee, Sen. Gary Peters, opposed subpoenaing Telizhenko because he warned that the investigation could be tainted by Russian disinformation. The revelation that Telizhenko has indeed worked for Russian interests seems to substantiate his concerns.
Sen. Murphy’s strategy: Sen. Chris Murphy (D-CT) formally requested the inspectors general for the State Department, the Treasury Department, the Department of Homeland Security, and the National Archives investigate whether those agencies are selectively cooperating with Republican-led efforts to “investigate” Joe and Hunter Biden — while refusing cooperation with Democratic oversight efforts directed at Trump.
The Office of the Director of National Intelligence provided its first briefing to Congress since the previous DNI, Joseph Maguire, was fired by Trump for allowing his aide to tell Congress that Russia was acting to boost his re-election chances. The current acting-DNI, Ric Grenell, backed out of briefing Congress himself, reportedly because he did not want to discuss issues that make President Trump angry. Instead, his office was represented by William Evanina, the top counterintelligence official at the ODNI. The latest briefing provided information contradictory to Maguire’s briefing, confusing and frustrating House members. Grenell’s office told Congress that the Kremlin is not “directly aiding any candidate’s re-election or any other candidates’ election.” House Speaker Nancy Pelosi and House Majority Leader Steny Hoyer reportedly confronted the ODNI officials, accusing them of politicizing critical intelligence and providing insufficient and contradictory information about Russia’s interference.
Russia ramps up interference
While the Trump administration continues to hide and spin intelligence, the media reports that Russia continues to interfere in the U.S. political system. According to seven current officials, the Kremlin is increasing efforts to inflame racial tensions in America as part of its ongoing operation to influence the November elections.
...Now, Russia is also trying to influence white supremacist groups, the officials said; they gave few details, but one official said federal investigators are examining how at least one neo-Nazi organization with ties to Russia is funded. Other Russian efforts, which American intelligence agencies have tracked, involve simply prodding white nationalists to more aggressively spread hate messages and amplifying their invective. Russian operatives are also trying to push black extremist groups toward violence...
Last week, Facebook and Twitter announced they had discovered a Russian-led network of professional trolls outsourced to operatives in Ghana and Nigeria. The network’s 71 Twitter accounts, 49 Facebook accounts, and 85 Instagram accounts were removed.
“These 71 removed accounts, operating out of Ghana and Nigeria and which we can reliably associate with Russia, attempted to sow discord by engaging in conversations about social issues, like race and civil rights,” said Twitter’s safety team in a statement.
Senate Democrats, including Minority Leader Chuck Schumer, sent a letter requesting that the EU introduce additional sanctions against “Putin’s Chef” Yevgeny Prighozin to deter him and the Kremlin from interfering in elections this year.
“As the presidential election in the United States draws closer, our concerns about foreign interference have intensified...The U.S. and European Union should be unified in facing this common threat and take concrete measures to isolate this malign actor and his affiliated firms. This includes sanctions, but also a joint diplomatic approach to urge that countries avoid engaging with Mr. Prigozhin, Wagner and any other organization associated with him."
Acting-DNI Ric Grenell imposed a hiring freeze at the ODNI starting last week, ordering a review of the agency’s personnel and mission:
Some current and former officials said they saw the effort as an attempt to oust intelligence officers who disagreed politically with Mr. Trump. Those officials questioned why Mr. Grenell, in the job temporarily, would undertake a large-scale reorganization, particularly one that previous directors had considered but put aside…Kashyap Patel, an aide in the director’s office who was transferred last month from the White House [and former aide to Representative Devin Nunes], is involved in the review…
The White House is also holding up the nomination of Kathryn Wheelbarger for one of the Pentagon’s top intelligence jobs because she is not considered sufficiently loyal to Trump. Wheelbarger, who has been serving as acting assistant secretary of Defense for international security affairs since November 2018, is nominated to become the deputy undersecretary of Defense for intelligence.
The post that Wheelbarger would fill is one of 21 senior positions at the Pentagon that are empty or filled on a temporary basis, a record high for the Trump administration.
In the middle of a global pandemic, one of the lead response agencies is losing its chief: Mark Green is set to resign from the U.S. Agency for International Development at the end of the month. Green will be replaced by USAID Deputy Administrator Bonnie Glick, a Trump loyalist.
FEC nominee confirmation
Last Tuesday, the Senate held a confirmation hearing for Trump’s nominee to the Federal Election Commission, James “Trey” Trainor. It’s been over two years since Trainor was first nominated to fill the seat left empty by Republican Commissioner Lee Goodman in 2018. Then, last year, the commission’s vice chairman, Matthew Petersen, resigned, leaving only three members in place. The FEC needs a minimum of four members to take actions like investigating campaign finance violations, enforcing rules, and issuing fines. Trainor is a controversial nominee with a history of advancing partisan gerrymandering and past work for Trump. After the Supreme Court invalidated a key part of the Voting Rights Act, Trainor worked with gerrymandering expert and Republican strategist Thomas Hofeller to successfully implement redistricting maps in Texas that were previously ruled to be discriminatory. Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer said the following at Tuesday’s hearing:
“He has worked closely with Thomas Hofeller, notorious for masterminding Republican gerrymandering schemes, to redraw maps that significantly disenfranchise minority voters at the local level. Mr. Trainor’s former law firm described him as being ‘intimately involved’ in Texas’s 2003 redistricting, which the Supreme Court deemed in violation of the Voting Rights Act. Mr. Trainor has argued the Voting Rights Act has become a political tool.”
Schumer also quoted Trainor as saying in 2017 that political donations should be anonymous.
“The Republicans have nominated someone who wants to roll back Citizens United, which the overwhelming majority of the American people support, public disclosure of who’s giving,” Schumer said, adding: “It’s amazing.”
Trainor faced pressure to recuse himself from overseeing any campaign finance matters involving Trump, because he served as a legal adviser on Trump’s 2016 campaign team. Ranking Senate Rules and Administration Committee Member Amy Klobuchar pressed Trainor:
“So you’re not going to just recuse yourself from the beginning on a Trump matter?” Klobuchar asked, visibly surprised. “No, not as a blanket recusal, and I don’t think that there is anyone at the commission currently who has a blanket recusal,” Trainor said. “I think we should all follow the same rules and guidelines.”
Judges finally speak out
U.S District Judge Lynn Adelman, of Wisconsin, published an article in the Harvard Law and Policy Review titled “The Roberts Court's Assault on Democracy.” Adelman takes Supreme Court Chief Justice John Roberts to task for joining the court’s hard right justices in “undermining American democracy” by “carrying out a sustained assault on the right of poor people and minorities to vote” and “reinforcing the enormous imbalance in wealth and political power that has developed in recent decades.”
He described Roberts' 2005 Senate confirmation testimony as "misleading" and declared that "the Roberts Court has contributed to insuring that the political system in the United States pays little attention to ordinary Americans and responds only to the wishes of a relatively small number of powerful corporations and individuals."
Adelman also attacks President Trump for helping the Republican party continue policies that worsen wealth inequality:
Although he ran as a populist and promised to promote policies that benefited ordinary people, upon taking office Trump almost entirely reversed course. He appointed mostly wealthy far-right Republicans and their supporters to his cabinet and to key positions in his administration… Trump also supported a tax bill that provided big benefits to the country’s largest corporations and wealthiest individuals and virtually nothing to the majority of American taxpayers. ...Because Congressional Republicans depend on a relatively small number of wealthy donors to stay in power, their major public policy goal is to do whatever makes such donors happy.
Last week, another prominent member of the judicial community publicly blasted the Chief Justice: Former Hawaii District Judge for 27 years James Dannenberg submitted his resignation from the Supreme Court Bar to Roberts. In a public letter, Dannenberg criticized Roberts for “allowing the Court to become an ‘errand boy’ for an administration that has little respect for the rule of law.” “I have been a member of the Supreme Court Bar since 1972, far longer than you have,” Dannenberg’s letter to Roberts begins.
The Court, under your leadership and with your votes, has wantonly flouted established precedent. Your “conservative” majority has cynically undermined basic freedoms by hypocritically weaponizing others… More than a score of decisions during your tenure have overturned established precedents—some more than forty years old– and you voted with the majority in most. There is nothing “conservative” about this trend. This is radical “legal activism” at its worst. ...The only constitutional freedoms ultimately recognized may soon be limited to those useful to wealthy, Republican, White, straight, Christian, and armed males— and the corporations they control. This is wrong. Period. This is not America. ...I no longer have respect for you or your majority, and I have little hope for change. I can’t vote you out of office because you have life tenure, but I can withdraw whatever insignificant support my Bar membership might seem to provide.
Important court rulings
McGahn and border wall The full bench of the powerful D.C. Circuit Court of Appeals announced on Friday that it will rehear the House’s appeal for Don McGahn’s testimony, vacating the three-judge panel’s previous ruling that judges can’t resolve subpoena disputes between the executive branch and Congress. Arguments are set for April 28. The same court will also take on the House’s challenge of Trump’s emergency declaration to use over $6 billion of federal funds to fund his southern border wall even though Congress only appropriated $1.375 billion. Trump-appointed judge Trevor McFadden dismissed the House’s initial lawsuit last year. Mueller’s grand jury In a 2-1 ruling, a panel of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit ruled that the Justice Department must allow Congress access to secret material collected by Mueller’s grand jury in its Russian interference investigation. Judges Judith Rogers and Thomas Griffith - Clinton and W. Bush appointees, respectively - found that the House’s impeachment investigation is a legal judicial process that exempts Congress from secrecy rules that typically shield grand jury materials. The Appeals Court decision can be appealed to the Supreme Court. Trump appointee Judge Neomi Rao dissented, saying the House did have legal grounds to ask the court to enforce the subpoena since the impeachment investigation has ended. Rao has taken Trump’s side in virtually every case she’s heard.
it’s hard not to see the trap Rao has built around Congress. Her Mazars opinion claims that Congress has only one path it can use to investigate President Trump. Then, when Congress traveled down the very same path that Rao identified in Mazars, Judge Rao invents a new limit — suggesting that Congress may only get one shot at an impeachment inquiry. Moreover, as Tatel suggests in the Mazars majority opinion, Rao appears to have invented the constitutional limit she placed on congressional investigations out of thin air. The Atlantic’s David Frum wrote that Rao’s Mazars dissent was “wild talk that would shut down almost all congressional investigations.” Maybe that’s the point — at least as long as Trump is in the White House.
Food stamp cuts Friday evening, U.S. District Court Judge Beryl Howell issued an injunction preventing the Trump administration from implementing a rule change that would force nearly 700,000 Americans off food stamps.
"Especially now, as a global pandemic poses widespread health risks, guaranteeing that government officials at both the federal and state levels have flexibility to address the nutritional needs of residents and ensure their well-being through programs like SNAP, is essential," Howell wrote.
The Washington Post reported that District Court Judge Lorna Schofield ordered Trump and his three adult children to “search through 15 years of business records for materials that could inform a lawsuit alleging they profited by promoting a marketing scam targeting vulnerable investors.”
Trump is being sued by four people who say they were duped into joining the multilevel marketing company ACN years ago because of his endorsement. The suit characterizes ACN as a pyramid scheme and accuses Trump of having made misleading claims as a paid pitchman prior to his presidency. All four say they suffered financially as a result. ...In this case, unlike in others, he has not asserted presidential immunity as a defense, and his legal team has already turned over a number of documents.
Atlantic City officials announced they will soon be filing an injunction in Superior Court to demolish the Trump Plaza Hotel and Casino tower because it is an “imminent hazard.” The city’s mayor, Mary Small, told the press that chunks of the building’s concrete and stucco facade are actively raining onto nearby streets.
“We could have had a fatality,” Small said. “Things will not be tolerated in the city of Atlantic City.”
The crumbling building has been owned by billionaire and Trump-ally Carl Icahn since 2016, though it has been closed since 2014. Icahn endorsed Trump for president in 2016 and financially supported his campaign. Icahn also served as special economic adviser on financial regulation to Trump briefly in 2017, leaving amid concerns of conflicts of interest. In one of many concerning incidents, it was reported that stock for CVR Energy, in which Icahn has 82% ownership, doubled after President Trump's election, increasing $455 million in value.
Don’t miss:Teen models, powerful men and private dinners: when Trump hosted Look of the Year. “In the early 90s, Donald Trump judged the world’s biggest modelling competition - since hit by allegations of abuse… The stories we have heard suggest that Casablancas, and some of the men in his orbit, used the contest to engage in sexual relationships with vulnerable young models. Some of these allegations amount to sexual harassment, abuse or exploitation of teenage girls; others are more accurately described as rape.”
Trump profiting off presidency: Week 164
CNN: Hotels, clubs and restaurants owned by Trump or bearing his name have billed various federal agencies and personnel more than $1 million since he became the Republican nominee for president...About half of the documented expenses involve the U.S. Secret Service, which has been charged more than $600,000 by various Trump properties between September 2016 and August 2019.
CREW: Taxpayers paid President Trump’s Doonbeg resort $15,144.94 for Secret Service lodging during Vice President Mike Pence’s September 2019 trip to Ireland… We can now say definitively that Pence’s detour not only cost taxpayers extra due to large transportation costs, but also that the bill subsidized one of Trump’s struggling businesses.
CREW: On March 7, less than two weeks after President Trump returned from an official visit to India, the business he still owns and profits from made an announcement: it would now ship Trump-branded products to India. This appears to be a clear violation of the Trump family’s pledge of no new foreign business during the Trump presidency, and an invitation for corruption... India is joined on the announcement by Canada, the United Kingdom, Ireland, Scotland (which we must note is still technically part of the United Kingdom) and Germany.
ProPublica: The Trump Organization paid bribes, through middlemen, to New York City tax assessors to lower its property tax bills for several Manhattan buildings in the 1980s and 1990s, according to five former tax assessors and city employees as well as a former Trump Organization employee. Two of the five city employees said they personally took bribes to lower the assessment on a Trump property; the other three said they had indirect knowledge of the payments.
New York Times summarized by HuffPo: President Donald Trump’s campaign manager is quietly channeling money to Eric Trump’s wife, Lara Trump, and Donald Trump Jr.’s girlfriend, Kimberly Guilfoyle… The family benefits are linked to a network of politically connected private companies — operating with the support and help of Trump son-in-law Jared Kushner — that have charged roughly $75 million since 2017 to the Trump reelection campaign, the Republican National Committee and other Republican clients
States, elections, and environment
Ecowatch: A federal judge in Alaska ruled late Wednesday against a Trump administration plan to open 1.8 million acres of America's largest national forest to logging. The Forest Service plan targeted part of the Tongass National Forest on Prince of Wales Island.
Press release: The Center for Biological Diversity sued the Trump administration today for failing to decide whether 241 plants and animals across the country — from the Midwest’s golden-winged warbler to Venus flytraps in the Carolinas — should be protected under the Endangered Species Act. The lawsuit, filed in district court in Washington, D.C., is one of the largest ever under the Act and seeks to undo years of illegal inaction by the Trump administration.
NYT: A New York man who threatened to kill Representative Ilhan Omar in a hate-filled call to her office was sentenced to a year and a day in prison… Mr. Carlineo admitted to making the threatening call, and described himself as a patriot who loved Mr. Trump and hated “radical Muslims in our government,” according to the criminal complaint.
ProPublica: The Republican National Committee has paid hundreds of thousands of dollars to contractors closely connected to the organization’s chairwoman, Ronna McDaniel. One contract went to her husband’s insurance company. Two others went to businesses whose executives recently donated to Ronna for Chair, a largely inactive political action committee that McDaniel controls.
CNN and NYT: Infowars founder and conspiracy theorist Alex Jones was arrested in Texas on a charge of driving while intoxicated… [Also,] The New York State attorney general has issued a cease-and-desist order to Alex Jones, the conservative radio host, alarmed by false claims on his website that his diet supplements and toothpaste could be used to fight the coronavirus.
Politico: Robert Redfield, director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, said Tuesday he was unaware of any indication from his agency that physical barriers along America’s borders would help halt the spread of the coronavirus in the U.S. — contradicting an assertion President Donald Trump made earlier in the day.
The Guardian: Doctors are concerned the spread of coronavirus to the US’s prison-like immigration detention centers is inevitable and will hit a system blighted by overcrowding and medical negligence… Dr Josiah Rich, an epidemiologist at Brown University, said one tool the US government has to prevent the spread of coronavirus is to release some of the 43,990 people in immigration detention, while their legal cases are being processed. People are held in these detention centers for civil immigration violations, not criminal charges, and the government can release them unless they are considered a danger to the community.
NPR: The U.S. Supreme Court delivered the Trump administration another win on one of its signature immigration policies on Wednesday, allowing it to continue the controversial "Remain in Mexico" policy across the entire southern border. The policy, officially called the Migrant Protection Protocols, requires asylum seekers to wait in Mexico for their day in U.S. immigration court. That has led to roughly 60,000 migrants getting sent back across the border since MPP was first implemented in January 2019.
NPR: Hundreds of asylum-seekers who reach the Texas-Mexico border aren't getting a chance to make their case in U.S. immigration court. Instead, the migrants — mostly women and children — are put on planes to Guatemala and told to ask for asylum in that country.
CNN: In explosive audio obtained through the work of a leading human rights group and released by CNN, a Trump administration attorney is heard finally admitting what experts and advocates have been insisting from the start: Remain in Mexico, the administration policy forcing tens of thousands of vulnerable asylum-seekers to wait for their U.S. immigration court dates in Mexico, is in fact dangerous.
“I think what I’m hearing from the government is, and I’ll be honest, I don’t like it,” the judge said, according to the audio. “What I’m hearing is, that well everybody has to take that risk and that chance, and you get kidnapped, you get kidnapped, that’s the risk you take for being in Mexico, and wanting to apply for asylum here in the United States … I don’t think it’s humane. But we’re talking about human beings and lives. It’s not a piece of paper in my opinion. And I really don’t like what I just heard.”
Washington Post: Pregnant woman dies after falling from border wall, a sign of migrants’ desperation… A year ago, during the height of the family migration surge, the couple probably would have tried to turn themselves in to seek asylum, he said. But an array of new restrictions imposed by the Trump administration is driving border-crossers to take more risks, migrant advocates say.
2020.01.09 23:08 FSOexpoMega-Bibliography of academic material & scholarly papers on the topic of Female Sex Predators
Cost to use this page: one upvote
Academic Reference materials & scholarly papers on the topic of Female Sex Predators:
Abel, G & Wiegel, M., (2009) Visual Reaction Time, Sex Offenders: Identification, Risk Assessment, Treatment, and Legal Issues 110-113 Oxford U Press Saleh, FM, Grudzinskas, A, Bradford, JM & Brodsky DJ www.amazon.com/Sex-Offenders-Identification-Assessment-Treatment/dp/0195177045 Discussed Chivers’ work on vaginal photoplethysmograph; can’t use to detect deviant sexual arousal in women due to female indiscriminant arousal patterns. Discussed studies that suggest Visual Reaction time is appropriate for assessment w/ female sex offenders is a valid measure of their sexual interest.
Ackerman, A.R., Harris, A.J, Levenson J.S., & Zgoba, K. (2011) Who are the people in your neighborhood? A descriptive analysis of individuals on public sex offender registries. International Journal of law and psychiatry 34(3) 149-159
Adams, E. M. (1988) Sex of the Victim, Offender, and Helper: The Effects of Gender Differences on Attributions and Attitudes in Cases of Incest Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation Columbus, OH: The Ohio State University. psycnet.apa.org/index.cfm?fa=buy.optionToBuy&id=1993-27282-001&CFID=5961599&CFTOKEN=95237081
Adshead, G. Howett, M & Mason,F. (1994) Women who sexually abuse children: The undiscovered county Journal of Sexual Aggression: An international, interdisciplinary forum for research, theory, and practice 1(1), 45-56 Provides stats on female sex offenders in England/Wales and gives literature preview.
Agardh, A., Oderg-Pettersson, K., & Ostergren, P.O. (2011) Experience of sexual coercion and risky sexual behavior among Ugandan university students BMC public health 11(1), 527 N=980 university students; 29% of males had experienced sexual coercion
Aizenman, M., & Kelley, G. (1988) The Incidence of Violence and Acquaintance Rape in Dating Relationships among College Men and Women. Journal of College Student Development 29(4), 305-311
Alaggia, R. (2005) Disclosing the trauma of child sexual abuse: A gender analysis. Journal of Loss and Trauma 10, 453-470 Includes single case of female perpetrator
Alaggia, R., & Millington, G. (2008) Male child sexual abuse: A phenomenology of betrayal Journal of Clinical Social Work 36, 265-275 www.cecw-cepb.ca/publications/352
Alarid, L. F. (2000) Sexual Assault and Coercion among Incarcerated Women Prisoners: Excerpts from Prison Letters. The Prison Journal 80 (4), 391-406 Adult victim, adult perp In this study, heterosexual ‘femme’ females were noted as the sexual aggressor and there was apathy among female inmates regarding the sexual coercion and assault. https://justdetention.org/pdf/soc/sexualassaultcoercionamongincarceratewomenletters.pdf (page not found)
Alexander, P. C., Teti, L., & Anderson, C. L. (2000) Childhood sexual abuse history and role reversal in parenting Child Abuse & Neglect 24(6), 829-838 Child victim, adult perp Community sample of 90 mothers of 5-8 yr old kids. 19 mothers reported history of childhood sexual victimization. Survivors with ‘unsatisfactory intimate relationships’ were more likely to endorse items suggesting emotional overdependence upon the child. Wasn’t related to child’s gender, parenting stress or kid’s behavior.
Allen, H. (1987) Rendering them harmless: The professional portrayal of women charged with serious violent crimes. Gender, crime and justice 81-94 Legal issues PDF: tpb.psy.ohio-state.edu/papers/Balsam%20JCCP%202005.pdf
Bachmann, K. M., Moggi, F., Stirnemann-Lewis, F. (1994) Mother-son incest and its long-term consequences: A neglected phenomenon in psychiatric practice. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 182, 723-725.
Banning, A. (1989). Mother-son incest: Confronting a prejudice. Child Abuse & Neglect, 13, 563-570.
Baron, R. S., Burgess, M. L., & Kao, C. F. (1991). Detecting and labeling prejudice: Do female perpetrators go undetected? Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 17, 115-123.
Becker, J.V.; Hall, S.R.; Stinson, J.D. Female sexual offenders: Clinical, legal and policy issues. J. Forensic Psychol. P. 2001, 1, 29–50.
Berendzen, R, & Palmer, L. (1993). Come here: A man overcomes the tragic aftermath of childhood sexual abuse. New York: Villard Books.
Berner, W.; Briken, P.; Hill, A. Female Sexual Offenders. In Sex Offenders—Identification, Risk Assessment, Treatment, and Legal Issues; Saleh, F.M., Grudzinskas, A.J., Bradford, J.M., Brodsky, D.J., Eds.; Oxford University Press: Oxford, UK, 2009.
Boroughs, D. Female sexual abusers of children. Child. Youth Serv. Rev 2004, 26, 481–487.
Bourke, A.; Doherty, S.; McBride, O.; Morgan, K.; McGee, H. Female perpetrators of child sexual abuse: characteristics of the offender and victim. Psychol. Crime Law 2014, 20, 769–780.
Briere J., & Elliott D.M. (2003). Prevalence and psychological sequelae of self-reported childhood physical and sexual abuse in a general population sample of men and women. Child Abuse & Neglect, 27, 1205-1222. [includes statistics on females' perpetrating sexual abuse against boys and girls]
Briggs, F.; Hawkins, R. Protecting boys from the risk of sexual abuse. Early Child Dev. Care 1995, 110, 19–32.
Bunting, L. Females Who Sexually Offend Against Children: Responses of the Child Protection and Criminal Justice Systems; Executive summary; NSPCC: London, UK, 2005.
Bunting, L. Dealing with a problem that doesn’t exist? Professional responses to female perpetrated child sexual abuse. Child Abuse Rev. 2007, 16, 252–267.
Chasnoff, I.J., Burns, W.J., Schnoll, S.H., Burns, K., Chisum, G. and Jyle-Spore, L. (1986). Maternal-neonatal incest. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 56(4), 577-580.
Clements, H.; Dawson, D.L.; das Nair, R. Female perpetrated sexual abuse: a review of victim and professional perspectives. J. Sex. Aggress. 2014, 20, 197–215.
Condy, S. R., Templer, D. I., Brown, R., & Veaco, L. (1987). Parameters of sexual contact of boys with women. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 16, 379-394.
Cortoni, F.; Hanson, R.K.; Coache, M.E. The recidivism rates of female sexual offenders are low: A meta-analysis. Sex Abuse 2010, 22, 387–401.
Cortoni, F.; Babchishin, K.M.; Rat, C. The proportion of sexual offenders who are female is higher than thought: A meta-analysis. Crim. Justice Behav. 2017, 44, 145–162.
Cortoni, F.; Gannon, T.A. Understanding female sexual offenders. In Theories of Sexual Offending; Ward, T., Beech, A.R., Eds.; Wiley-Blackwell: Chichester, UK, 2017; pp. 453–471. [Google Scholar]
Davies M, Rogers P: Perceptions of male victims in depicted sexual assaults: a review of the literature. Aggress Violent Behav 11, 2006
Denov, M.S. The myth of innocence: Sexual scripts and the recognition of child sexual abuse by female perpetrators. J. Sex Res. 2003, 40, 303–314.
Denov, M.S. The Long-Term Effects of Child Sexual Abuse by Female Perpetrators: A Qualitative Study of Male and Female Victims. J. Interpers. Violence 2004, 19, 1137–1156.
Denov, M.S. Perspectives on Female Sex Offending: A Culture of Denial; Ashgate: Aldershot, UK, 2004.
Donnelly DA, Kenyon S: “Honey, we don’t do men: gender stereotypes and the provision of services to sexually assaulted males”. J Interpers Violence, 1996
Elliott, M. Female Sexual Abuse of Children–The Ultimate Taboo; Longman: Harlow, UK, 1993.
Elliott, Michele (Ed.). (1993). Female Sexual Abuse of Children. New York: Guilford Press.
Elliott, I.A.; Ashfield, S. The use of online technology in the modus operandi of female sex offenders. J. Sex. Aggress. 2011, 17, 92–104.
Faller, K. C. (1987). Women who sexually abuse children. Violence and Victims, 2, 263-276.
Faller, K.C. A clinical sample of women who have sexually abused children. J. Child Sexual Abuse 1995, 4, 13–30.
Fehrenbach, P. A., & Monastersky, C. (1988). Characteristics of female adolescent sexual offenders. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 58, 148-151.
Finch, S.M. (1973). Sexual abuse by mothers. Medical Aspects of Human Sexuality, 7(1), 191.
Finkelhor, D., Williams, L.M., Burns, N. and Kalinowski, M. (1988). Sexual abuse in day care: A national study. Durham, NH: University of New Hampshire, Family Research Laboratory.
Finkelhor, D., Meyers, M. W., & Burns, N. (1988). Nursery crimes: Sexual abuse in day care. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.
Finkelhor, D., & Russell, D. (1984). Women as perpetrators. In D. Finkelhor (Ed.), Child sexual abuse: New theory and research (pp.171-187). New York: Free Press.
Finkelhor, D.; Hotaling, G.; Lewis, I.A.; Smith, C. Sexual abuse in a national survey of adult men and women-Prevalence, characteristics, and risk-factors. Child Abuse Neglect. 1990, 14, 19–28.
Freel, M. Women Who Sexually Abuse Children; Social Work Monograph: Norwich, UK, 1995.
Freeman-Longo, R.E. (1986). The impact of sexual victimization on males. Child Abuse and Neglect, 10, 411-414.
Fromuth, M.E.; Conn, V.E. Hidden perpetrators: Sexual molestation in a nonclinical sample of college women. J. Interpers. Violence 1997, 12, 456–465.
Fromuth, M.; Burkhart, B. Long-term psychological correlates of childhood sexual abuse in two samples of college men. Child Abuse Negl. 1989, 13, 533–542.
Gannon, T.A.; Rose, M.R. Female child sexual offenders: Towards integrating theory and practice. Aggress. Violent Behav. 2008, 13, 442–461.
Gavin, H. “Mummy wouldn’t do that”: The perception and construction of the female child sex abuse. In Grotesque feminities: Evil, women and the feminine; Barrett, M., Porter, T., Eds.; The Inter-Disciplinary Press: Oxford, UK, 2006.
Goldhill, R. What was she thinking? Women who sexually offend against children–implications for probation practice. Probat. J. 2013, 60, 415–424.
Grayston, A.D.; De Luca, R.V. Female perpetrators of child sexual abuse: A review of the clinical and empirical literature. Aggress. Violent Behav. 1999, 4, 93–106
Green, A.H.; Kaplan, M.S. Psychiatric impairment and childhood victimization experiences in female child molesters. J. Am. Acad. Child Adolesc. Psychiatry 1994, 33, 954–961.
Haliburn, J. Mother-child incest, psychosis, and the dynamics of relatedness. J. Trauma Dissociation 2017, 18, 409–426.
Harper, J. F. (1993). Prepuberal male victims of incest: A clinical study. Child Abuse and Neglect, 17, 419-421.
Hayes, S.; Baker, B. Female Sex Offenders and Pariah Femininities: Rewriting the Sexual Scripts. J. Criminol. 2014, 1, 1–8.
Hislop, J. Female Sex Offenders: What Therapists, Law Enforcement and Child Protective Services Need to Know; Issues Pres: Ravensdale, Ireland, 2001.
Huckle PL: Male rape victims referred to a forensic psychiatric service. Med Sci Law 35, 1995
Hunter, J.A.; Lexier, L.J.; Goodwin, D.W.; Browne, P.A.; Dennis, C. Psychosexual, attitudinal, and developmental characteristics of juvenile female perpetrators in a residential treatment setting. J. Child Fam. Stud. 1993, 2, 317–326.
Hunter, J.A.; Mathews, R. Sexual deviance in females. In Sexual Deviance: Theory, Assessment, and Treatment; Laws, D.R., O’Donohue, W.T., Eds.; Guilford Press: New York, NY, USA, 1997; pp. 465–480.
Jenkins, P. Moral Panic: Changing Concepts of the Child Molester in Modern America; Yale University Press: New Haven, CT, USA, 1998.
Jennings, K. Female child molesters: A review of literature. In Female Sexual Abuse of Children; Elliott, M., Ed.; Guilford Press: New York, NY, USA, 1994; pp. 219–234.
Johansson-Love, J.; Fremouw, W. A critique of the female sexual perpetrator research. Aggress. Violent Behav. 2006, 11, 12–26.
Johnson, R. L., & Shrier, D. (1987). Past sexual victimization by females of male patients in an adolescent medicine clinic population. American Journal of Psychiatry, 144, 650-652.
Johnson, T. C. (1989). Female child perpetrators: Children who molest other children. Child Abuse & Neglect, 13, 571-585.
Kaufman, K.L., Wallace, A.M., Johnson, C.F. and Reeder, M.L. (1995). Comparing female and male perpetrators' modus operandi: Victims' reports of sexual abuse. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 10(3), 322-333.
King MB: Male rape; victims need sensitive management, 1990
Knopp, F.F. and Lackey, L.B. (1987). Female sexual abusers: A summary of data from 44 treatment providers. Orwell, VT: Safer Society Press.
Kramer, S.; Bowman, B. Accounting for the “invisibility” of the female paedophile: An expert-based perspective from South Africa.Psychol. Sexualit. 2011, 2, 244–258.
Krug, R. S. (1989). Adult male reports of childhood sexual abuse by mothers: Case descriptions, motivations and long-term consequences. Child Abuse and Neglect, 13, 111-119.
Landor, R.; Eisenchlas, S. “Coming clean” on duty of care: Australian print media’s representation of male versus female sex offenders in institutional contexts. Sex. Cult. 2012, 16, 486–502.
Levin, R. J., & Berlo, W. V. (2004). Sexual arousal and orgasm in subjects who experience forced or non consensual sexual stimulation- a review. Journal of Clinical Forensic Medicine, 11(2), 82-88. doi:10.1016/j.jcfm.2003.10.008
Lewis, C.F.; Stanley, C.R. Women accused of sexual offenses. Behav. Sci. Law 2000, 18, 73–81.
Lawson, C. (1993). Mother-son sexual abuse: Rare or underreported? A critique of the research. Child Abuse and Neglect, 17, 261-269.
Mackelprang, E.; Becker, J.V. Beauty and the eye of the beholder: Gender and attractiveness affect judgements in teacher sex offense cases. Sex. Abuse 2017, 29, 375–395.
McLeod, D.A.; Craft, M.L. Female sexual offenders in child sexual abuse cases: National trends associated with child protective services systems entry, exit, utilization, and socioeconomics. J. Publ. Child Welfare 2015, 9, 399–416.
Margolis, M. (1984). A case of mother- adolescent son incest: A follow-up study. Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 53(3), 355-385.
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Mathews, R, Matthews, J. K., & Speltz, K. (1989). Female Sexual Offenders: An Exploratory Study. Brandon, VT: Safer Society Press.
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1: Bob Askin replaces Jack Renshaw as Premier of New South Wales / The Battle of Dong-Yin occurs as a conflict between Taiwan and the People's Republic of China. 5: Forty men burn their draft cards at the University of California, Berkeley, and a coffin is marched to the Berkeley Draft Board. 6: A tornado outbreak near the Twin Cities in Minnesota kills 13 and injures 683. 7: The U.S. Steel freighter SS Cedarville collides with the SS Topdalsfjord and sinks near the Mackinac Bridge, killing 25. 10 are rescued from the Cedarville, the 3rd largest lake ship to sink after its sister the SS Carl D. Bradley, and the SS Edmund Fitzgerald. 9: Pianist Vladimir Horowitz returns to the stage after a 12-year absence, performing a legendary concert in Carnegie Hall in New York. 12: West Germany and Israel establish diplomatic relations / The Italian liner SS Michelangelo enters service. 13: A West German court of appeals condemns the behavior of ex-defense minister Franz Josef Strauss during the Spiegel scandal. 21: The largest antiwar teach-in to date begins at Berkeley, California, attended by 30,000. 22: Several hundred Vietnam War protesters in Berkeley, California, march to the Draft Board again to burn 19 more cards. Lyndon Johnson is hung in effigy / The first skateboarding championship is held. 25: Muhammad Ali knocks out Sonny Liston in the first round of their championship rematch with the "Phantom Punch" at the Central Maine Civic Center in Lewiston. 29: A mining accident in Dhanbad, India kills 274. 31: Racing driver Jim Clark wins the Indianapolis 500, and later wins the Formula One world driving championship in the same year.
2019.08.21 13:34 halleloolooDrag Race UK: A Cultural Primer
Having seen a few discussions around cultural references on Drag Race, I thought I'd make a primer for some cultural things that may come up, in case any non-UK folk want to read up about them. I obviously don't know what will and won't be referenced so I'll just list some things that are well-known in the UK and not known much at all outside the UK. I've left out stuff that I believe to be pretty common/well-known everywhere. I haven't focused on LGBT culture or the drag scene specifically because I'm not LGBT myself and I feel someone else would be better suited to that.
Soaps So soaps in the UK are broadcast multiple nights a week, year round. These shows have been running for decades and have broadcast thousands of episodes. They tend to be really dramatic and on Christmas day they always have a crazy episode where really wild shit happens. They tend to centre on one town/village/area and usually there's a pub where all the characters congregate. Because they're so widely watched they've historically played a part is starting discussion/debate on issues or moving things forward a bit. (e.g. it was a big deal when a soap had its first gay kiss or trans character). Eastenders: One of the big two soaps. Set in the East End of London in Albert Square, so we have lots of very East End accents. The pub is called the Queen Vic. Lots of plots involving murder, cheating, the pub burning down, suicide, etc. Usually the episode ends on a cliffhanger and then the iconic Eastenders music comes in. Tends to be pretty serious and there don't tend to be any laughs in an episode. Iconic characters include Peggy Mitchell, Phil Mitchell, Pat Butcher, Dot Cotton, Pauline Fowler, Bianca and Ricky, Ian Beale, Dirty Den Watts. Iconic references include You ain't my muvva, Get outta my pub/Sling your 'ook, RICKAAAY. The iconic theme tune. Coronation Street: The other big soap. Also called Corrie. The longest running with nearly 10,000 episodes since 1960. It was ground-breaking in the start for just depicting the lives of ordinary working class families. Set in Weatherfield which is supposed to be in Greater Manchester, so the accents are from up North. The pub is called The Rover's Return. Tends to be slightly less dramatic and funnier than Eastenders but it's still pretty dramatic. Iconic characters include Deirdre Barlow/Rashid, Hayley and Roy Cropper, Norris Cole, Tracey Barlow, Gail Platt, Blanche Hunt, Steve McDonald, Peter Barlow, Eileen Grimshaw, Chesney Brown. The theme tune. No individual phrase or moment springs to mind for me for Corrie like for Eastenders, but here are a few articles discussing some of the best moments:  Emmerdale: Not as big as the first two but definitely the third biggest and I don't know it as well. Set in the Yorkshire Dales, so further North than Corrie and Eastenders and set in countryside rather than city. The pub is called The Woolpack. Lots of characters from the Dingle family. Helicopters seem to crash a lot in Emmerdale for some reason. Hollyoaks: This soap tends to focus more on younger people and is shot in a way that's a bit unusual for a soap. I've never met anyone who actually watches it but apparently they're out there. The actors pop up a lot on reality shows (covered in later section). Casualty and Holby City: Don't know anyone who watches these, the only relevant information is that they're both set in hospitals. The Archers: This is a radio soap and only old people listen to it. It still occasionally gets referenced though. It's the world's longest running drama with nearly 19,000 episodes since 1950. We're also known to occasionally watch the Aussie soaps Neighbours and Home and Away but you'd have to ask an Aussie about those really. Older TV Shows The Bill: A TV show about police officers that ran for nearly 2500 episodes before it ended in 2010. Almost every British actor appeared on this show when they were getting started. Absolutely Fabulous: Commonly known as Ab Fab. Sitcom starring Jennifer Saunders and Joanna Lumley. Not sure how to characterise this in writing but here are some highlights. Only Fools and Horses: Sitcom about two brothers (Del (Del Boy) and Rodney Trotter) who are living in a tower block in East London. Del always has schemes to make them rich that almost never work. I feel like nearly everyone in the UK has seen this show somehow. Common references include the iconic van, Del falling through a bar, Batman and Robin and the fact that their friend Trigger thinks Rodney's name is Dave for some reason. Keeping Up Appearances: Sitcom about a lady who wants to be posh but isn't really. Her name is Hyacinth Bucket but she insists it is pronounced Boo-kay. Her siblings are slobbish and embarrassing and she's always trying to keep people from meeting them. Lots of episodes are on YouTube. I think this holds up surprisingly well honestly. Father Ted: Set in Ireland and written by an Irish guy but very popular in the UK. Sitcom about three Catholic priests who live together on an island. I honestly think this is one of the funniest shows ever made. Ted is the most serious priest. He still isn't great at all the priest stuff, but he isn't entirely stupid and he is always out to make money. Dougal is child-like and idiotic. Jack is an elderly alcoholic pervert. Small or Far Away? is probably the best known moment, but judge Graham Norton also appeared on this show as a young actor. The Royle Family: Sitcom focusing on a working class family in Manchester. The members of the family are generally quite slobbish and not very intelligent. Vicar of Dibley: Sitcom focusing on a female vicar played by Dawn French. She has a very dim assistant called Alice and each of the local people of the village has a distinct personality. Alan Partridge: A character rather than a show as he's had a few. An inept and bumbling presenter who has lots of awkward moments. A few more that may be worth googling: Are You Being Served?, Allo Allo, Two Pints of Lager and a Packet of Crisps, Grange Hill, Byker Grove Daytime TV This Morning: 1000-1230 on ITV every morning. Usually presented by Holly Willoughby and Philip Schofield who've had lots of funny moments together which can be found on YouTube. On Fridays it's presented by husband and wife Eamonn Holmes and Ruth Langsford. They talk to people from recent news stories, preview upcoming TV, offer medical advice, teach cooking and debate current events. Jeremy Kyle: For Americans, this is somewhere between Jeremy Kyle and Maury. Lie detectors and DNA tests, with a confrontational host. Pure trash TV. Was recently stopped. Loose Women: Older female celebrities sit about and discuss current events. General known for being awful and a bit hysterical. Celeb Reality Competition Shows Strictly Come Dancing: The UK equivalent of Dancing With The Stars. Commonly called Strictly. The celebs always end up getting off with their dance partners. I'm A Celebrity Get Me Out of Here: B-list celebs get sent to a camp in the Australian jungle for 2 weeks. They're forced to do "Bushtucker trials" which involve nasty tasks like eating bugs and animal parts in order to earn meals for their camp. Dancing On Ice: Like Strictly Come Dancing but with blades and ice for added danger. Tends to have worse celebs as well. "Reality" shows The Only Way Is Essex (TOWIE): This followed the lives of a group of young people in Essex. Essex is stereotypically not very classy and "Essex girls" have a reputation for dressing a certain way (lots of fake tan, hair dye, white stiletto heels, short skirts) and drinking a lot. The show had several breakout stars such as Gemma Collins, Amy Childs and Joey Essex. Love Island: Loads of people who basically all look exactly the same because they've all used the same surgeon fly out to some Spanish island and get off with one another. I've not really seen much of this so if anyone wants to provide iconic Love Island moments, feel free. Geordie Shore: The same idea as Jersey Shore but set in Newcastle. (A Geordie is a person from Newcastle, no idea why). I have only seen one episode of this and it involved a girl pissing herself in bed on camera because she was so drunk, and another girl saying she'd have to call her parents to say sorry because she'd had anal sex on telly. I think that sums it up really. Big Brother: The format is used around the world, but some moments from the UK version are pretty iconic and it has produced a lot of celebrities. Of course there's also the celebrity edition. Nikki Grahame's tantrums and George Galloway pretends to be a cat. Here's a summary of each season with some memorable moments. More Modern TV Skins: TV show focused on teens. Very dramatic. Everyone was always on drugs or checking in to psychiatric facilities or randomly dying of a genetic condition or accidentally pregnant. Inbetweeners: Like the opposite of Skins. Comedy focused on teens but they just have shit boring lives, driving a shitty car, failing to get with girls, embarrassing themselves. This was a more accurate depiction of UK sixth form. Other popular modern shows: Gavin and Stacey Other Gogglebox: Popular show that is on currently that involves watching families watch TV. Sounds weird but it works. Some of the participants are quite famous now. University Challenge: Quiz competition featuring teams from universities around the country. The questions are considered really difficult so people think you're really smart if you can answer any of them. Pointless: Quiz show on every evening. Contestants are given a category and they have to find something in that category that the fewest people said. So it's like a reverse Family Fortunes (Family Feud for Americans). Presented by comedian Alexander Armstrong and Richard Osman who was a breakout star from this show. The Chase: Quiz show presented by Bradley Walsh in which contestants compete against a professional quizzer (the Chaser). Bradley is funny and has had some great moments and the Chasers have become pretty well-known and appear on other stuff sometimes. Blankety Blank: This was the UK's version of Match Game. It was hosted by Terry Wogan and Les Dawson but in the late 90s it was presented by Paul O Grady in drag as Lily Savage. Eurovision: Given the audience of this subreddit, I expect this doesn't need too much explanation. But it's a yearly song contest between European nations. It's super camp and insane and fun. The UK always does shit. Come Dine With Me: People compete to see who has the best dinner party. The narrator is fantastic and it is weirdly addictive. This is an iconic moment. Panel Shows: These usually feature a changing cast of comedians competing in some kind of "quiz" but no-one actually keeps score. Examples include Mock the Week, 8 out of 10 Cats, Would I Lie to You, QI, Have I Got News For You, and Never Mind the Buzzcocks. Certain comedians appear a lot on these shows, such as Jimmy Carr, Dara O Briain, David Mitchell, Sarah Millican, Jon Richardson and Jo Brand. Carry On: This really belongs in a film section but it would be one of the only things in there. These were a series of films mostly in the 60s that were very camp with lots of overt double entendres. Kenneth Williams is the most iconic thing to come out of these. You'll often hear Ooo, matron in response to a double entendre. Ant and Dec: Not a TV show but an iconic TV duo. Ant and Dec have been working together for decades and they win the National Television Award for Best Presenter every single year. They present I'm a Celebrity Get Me Out of Here as well as their own show Saturday Night Takeaway. It's a running joke that you can't tell them apart. Richard and Judy: Husband and wife who used to present This Morning. They're a bit weird and oversharing and apparently Alan Partridge (see above) was based on Richard.
So I'll just detail a few musical artists who are well known in the UK but never made it big in the US. I'll steer clear of the more modern examples (e.g. Little Mix) because thanks to the internet it's no longer as pronounced as it used to be. Kylie Minogue: She's an Aussie but she's always done great here. Gay icon. If you only listen to one song/watch one video make it Can't Get You Out of My Head, but she has a long, long discography of hits stretching back to the 80s. She started off on Aussie soap Neighbours and back in the day had a very public relationship with co-star Jason Donovan. Girls Aloud: Produced by a talent show back in the early 00s. Cheryl Cole started off here before her solo career. Lots of commercial success here. If I had to recommend a song I'd suggest their debut Sound of the Underground but they've had plenty of good hits. Take That: Take That were a huge success back in the 90s as a boy band with lots of screaming teen girl fans. Robbie, the most popular member, left them, and they then split up. But they reformed in the 00s as older men and had a lot of success again. Gary Barlow is the one everyone knows these days. For Phase 1 Take That I'd suggest Relight My Fire[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JwC1Ctrj6Xk) was huge. Again though, tons of hits. Robbie Williams: Remember Robbie, who left Take That? Well he was pretty successful in his own right. He was unbelievably popular in the late 90s/early 00s, with a mix of sappy ballads (Angel, She's the One) and all out party tunes (Let Me Entertain You, Rock DJ). For me, peak Robbie will always be Rock DJ.
Those people who are just...famous, for one reason or another. Katie Price/Jordan: A former glamour model who has always appeared frequently in celeb magazines for her personal life. Her eldest son is severely disabled and his footballer father has never played a role in his life, so credit to her for all she's done for him. Various scandals/stories involve multiple breast reductions/enlargements, dating a "crossdressing cagefighter", recent drink drive trouble in this unique vehicle. She has 5 children named Harvey, Junior, Princess Tiaamii, Jett and Bunny. She appeared on I'm a Celebrity some years back where she began a much publicised relationship with Peter Andre (see below). Peter Andre: An Aussie former singer (responsible for this absolute tune). Mostly became a household name through I'm A Celebrity and the relationship with Katie Price and has frequently appeared in celeb magazines ever since. He's now remarried and has 2 children with his wife in addition to 2 with Katie Price. Kerry Katona: Originally in a band called Atomic Kitten (best known for Whole Again (she's the blonde one)). She was married to Brian McFadden from Westlife (Irish boyband) and after they split up she had a lot of very publicised issues with drugs and mental health. Lots of various tabloid "scandals" over the years including bankruptcy and a string of relationships with various men. Gemma Collins: Originally famous from TOWIE (see above) but became a bit of a breakout star and now has done some of her own shows. People mostly just like her personality. Here she is interacting with Ms Michelle Visage, here she is falling through a hole in the floor, and here is a compilation of various memorable moments.
The UK is pretty big on political jokes and humour. Conservatives are currently in power. They're also called the Tories sometimes. Brexit: I'd need a whole post to explain Brexit but all that you need to know is that in 2016 the UK held a referendum in which people narrowly voted to leave the EU. Everything since then has been a mess and everyone is angry for different reasons. Boris Johnson: The Prime Minister. Conservative Party. Formerly Mayor of London. Commonly called Boris or BoJo. He looks funny and his floppy hair and bumbling nature was kind of funny when he was a powerless mayor but now he's the PM and it's all quite scary. Acts like an idiot but is probably smarter then he lets on. Some people like him regardless of his actual political view because "He's Boris!" Theresa May: Previous PM. Conservative Party. Awkward and a bit weird. Kept repeating the phrase "Strong and stable" during the election campaign. Said the naughtiest thing she's ever done is run through a wheat field. Did this. David Cameron: PM before May. Conservative party. All you need to know is that he allegedly put his dick in a dead pig's mouth. Ed Miliband: Labour party leader from a few years ago. Generally a solid guy but he was portrayed as being a bit odd and then someone took a photo of him eating a bacon sandwich that was so awkward it has its own Wikipedia article and he lost the election. Jeremy Corbyn: Current Labour leader. People who like him think he's literally the Messiah. People who dislike him think he's literally Stalin. Michael Gove: Former Education secretary. Conservative party. Every teacher in the country hates him. Jeremy Hunt: Former Health secretary. Conservative party. Every doctor in the country hates him. His surname is commonly mispronounced. He once described his own wife as Japanese when she's actually Chinese. Nick Clegg: Former leader of the Lib Dems (the third biggest party...usually). He was a bit of a phenomenon back in 2010. He became less popular after the election when many people felt they'd been betrayed by the Lib Dems after they went into coalition with the Conservatives who increased student fees.
Stereotypes of Places
We have some very distinct stereotypes of places and people from them here in the UK and I'll try to list a few. North vs South: In England there's a big divide between the North and the South. Southerners think Northerners are a bit lower class and simple, Northerners think Southerners are posh, unfriendly and weak. We'll argue forever about how to pronounce certain words. The Midlands: The bit near Birmingham that isn't North or South. They never know where to stand in the North/South debate. They call fizzy drinks "pop". Brighton: Brighton is the LGBT capital of the UK for reasons I don't fully understand. They have a HUGE Pride event every year. People who live there are often considered to be pretty left-wing and almost hippy-ish. London: The capital is so many things, but the people from London are generally stressed (from paying insane rent) and don't want to talk to any strangers. They'll insist that London is literally the best place ever though and that they'd never live anywhere else. Home Counties: This refers to the counties around London and people there are generally considered to be pretty posh. Often people commute into London for work. Essex: See Essex stereotype described under TOWIE. Devon/Cornwall: The little bit on its own in the South West of the map. They'll argue for hours about which order you should put jam and cream on a scone. They'll also probably be mad at me for lumping them together. Sorry. Wiltshire: This is where Scaredy Kat is from and also where I live right now. There is nothing here apart from Stonehenge. Liverpool: The stereotype of people from Liverpool (also known as Scousers) is that they're low class thieves. It's not particularly fair though, and all the Liverpudlians I've met have been pretty proud of their city. Yorkshire: How can you tell someone is from Yorkshire? Don't worry, they'll tell you. Extremely proud of their county and still angry at Lancashire over a war that happened in the 1400s. They'll insist Yorkshire Tea is the best tea out there (and to be fair, I don't think they're wrong...). Newcastle: Newcastle girls never need a coat no matter how cold it gets, and they can drink anyone under the table. Maybe the two are related. Scotland: Scotland as a whole is generally considered to feel pretty hostile towards the English. Independence narrowly lost in a referendum a few years back but there might be another one yet. Glasgow: Glasgow is stereotyped as being the grittier of the two biggest Scottish cities, but it also has character. I think it was the comedian Kevin Bridges who said something along the lines of "Glasgow was voted the friendliest city in Europe, and named the murder capital in the same week. So you'll get stabbed, but you'll get directions to the hospital." Edinburgh: Considered to be more "cultured" than Glasgow. Every summer they host the Fringe Festival which is a huge deal for up and coming comedians and actors. Northern Ireland: I'm not going to begin to get into the Troubles because this is already a long post, but obviously there are historically some divides in Northern Ireland. A lot of the UK has the tendency to ignore them completely, unfortunately. Their accents are really different from anywhere else in the UK. Wales: Wales as a whole seems to feel much less strongly about being separate than Scotland does. There's never been much of an independence movement in modern times. The only time they get really patriotic is when Wales are playing Rugby. North Wales is more rural/mountainous than the South and generally people are more likely to speak Welsh and feel strongly about a Welsh identity.
NHS: This is our health service. It's all free. It is like the national religion. We will all defend it to the death and anyone who works in the NHS is basically an angel. WAGs: This is a term for the Wives and Girlfriends of professional footballers. There's a stereotype of them being vapid glamour models who drive around in expensive cars. This has died down a bit but was really prominent in the 00s. Education GCSEs: These are the exams you take when you're about 16. You tend to do all of the standard subjects (Maths, English, Science, etc) plus some options. They used to be graded from A*-G but now they're 9-1. A Levels: You take these when you're about 18. You only do 3-4 subjects usually. These are graded A*-E. These are usually what determines whether you get into university. Primary/Secondary School/College: Primary school is the school you go to from about 4 to about 11 years old. After that, terminology changes regionally. Some people go to a "high school" until they're 16 and then to a college, others just go to secondary school. If you stay at school from 16-18 it is usually called sixth form. Pretty much all schools have a uniform up to the age of 16. UCAS: This is the system you use to apply to university. You get points for different qualifications and you have to write a "Personal Statement". Student Loan: The government provides student loans for going to university. These loans cover fees (paid direct to the university) and also provide a living allowance (maintenance loan). So when Scaredy Kat says that she is spending her student loan on drag, she means the maintenance loan, because students aren't actually paid the fee loan. These loans have different repayment terms than normal loans, so you don't have to pay them at all unless you're earning over a certain threshold, and then it is just a small percentage. Newspapers Just a little characterisation of some prominent newspapers. The Sun: Generally considered tabloid trash. The entire city of Liverpool has been boycotting this paper for decades after it blamed Liverpool fans for the Hillsborough disaster using false information. The Mirror: Also trashy tabloid. Embroiled in a phone hacking scandal a few years back The Daily Mail: Thinks it is classier than a tabloid but isn't really. Right-leaning, sensationalist, obsessed with house prices. The Telegraph: Also right-leaning but more middle class The Guardian: More left-leaning and its readers are stereotyped as being out of touch posh lefties. Rupert Murdoch: Media mogul who owns The Sun and lots more. People blame him a lot for the state of our papers. Supermarkets Where you shop says a lot about you in the UK. Tesco: The closest thing to an everyman supermarket. No-one makes any real judgement if they hear you shop at Tesco. Slogan: Every Little Helps. ASDA: Probably slightly lower class than Tesco, but still a respectable choice. Slogan: That's ASDA price (and then you pat your bum) Sainsbury's: A bit posher than Tesco but not outlandishly so. Lidl/Aldi: These are two German supermarket chains that are known for very low prices. People will joke about how shit they are because they're cheap but we all know that they're actually pretty quality. Aldi has an aisle stocked with pure random shite that's on offer that week that can be anything from a hoover to SCUBA gear. Waitrose/M&S: Posh as fuck. My local Waitrose has a wine bar and a juice bar inside it. Buying the odd item from these is fine, but if you do your weekly shop here you must be loaded. M&S had these weird porny adverts a few years back. Ocado: Basically Waitrose but they deliver to your door, for when you're rich and lazy. Morrison's: I've always felt like Morrison's sits outside judgement somehow. They aren't all that common in some parts of the country but people who have them tend to like them. Other Shops Primark: The cheapest clothing shop you can imagine. £5 for a dress but every girl you know will be wearing the same one. New Look: More expensive than Primark. Quality only marginally better. Worn by lots of teen girls but you can occasionally find some decent stuff. Boots/Superdrug: They sell makeup, medicine, usually have pharmacies inside them. The go to places for cheap make up. WH Smith/Waterstones: Our main bookshops. Gregg's: National icon. They sell pastries and their sausage rolls are legendary. Particularly loved by Northerners. Nando's: Peri-peri chicken that is somehow ludicrously popular here. You will be judged on the spice level you select. That's just an overview of what immediately came to mind. Feel free to add more in comments or ask if there are specific references. I'd be happy to try to do a roundup of references after each episode airs if I can if that would help people! Edit: Added a few things that got missed out.
498 points: Valandario's comment in Jeremy Corbyn: Boris Johnson’s refusal to support Kim Darroch shows he won’t stand up to Donald Trump, or stand up for Britain. Johnson wants a sweetheart trade deal with Trump that would open our NHS to US corporate takeover. I'll never let another country's leader choose who represents the UK
435 points: Bidwell93's comment in small but significant detail: Kim Darroch went to a grammar school and grew up in a council house. Those who accused him of elitist bias (Boris, Piers Morgan, Steve Hilton and the other demagogues) went to expensive private schools. How stupid has Britain become?
498 points: Valandario's comment in Jeremy Corbyn: Boris Johnson’s refusal to support Kim Darroch shows he won’t stand up to Donald Trump, or stand up for Britain. Johnson wants a sweetheart trade deal with Trump that would open our NHS to US corporate takeover. I'll never let another country's leader choose who represents the UK
435 points: Bidwell93's comment in small but significant detail: Kim Darroch went to a grammar school and grew up in a council house. Those who accused him of elitist bias (Boris, Piers Morgan, Steve Hilton and the other demagogues) went to expensive private schools. How stupid has Britain become?
2018.02.13 14:39 stjuartHow the Freemasons Rule the World
The Society is not so visible in most countries where it exists but its members are men of immense influence and wealth Freemasons rule the world. This assertion appears controversial but the facts are revealed in a recent book on Freemasons written by H. Paul Jeffers. In the book titled: Freemasons: Inside the World’s Oldest Secret Society, Jeffers states that most of the Freemasons who are the movers and shakers in various fields of endeavour, live in the United States of America, USA, the world’s only surviving super power. In his extensive research on the more than 400 year-old secret craft, Jeffers has found out that out of the 5.9 million estimated population of Freemasons worldwide, 4.1 millions live in the USA and Canada. Of the remaining 1.1 million Freemasons outside the two North American countries, 550,000 live in England and Wales; 400,000 live in Scotland, while 375, 000 are in Australia. India, Japan, Formosa, Africa and Israel account for 288,000 while Ireland has 47,000 Freemasons. Europe has 80,000 Freemasons while Latin America and the Philippines accommodate 50,000 and 10,000 Freemasons respectively. In the book, Jeffers refers to the United States as a Masonic project. His findings revealed that many of the founding fathers of the country were high degree masons. For instance, of the 56 persons who signed the Declaration of Independence document in 1778, 15 of them or 27 percent were Masons. Among them were Benjamin Franklin, John Hancock, Joseph Hewes, William Hooper, Robert Treat Payne, Richard Stockton, George Walton and William Whipple. Others were Elbridge Gerry, Lyman Hall, Thomas Jefferson, Thomas Nelson Jr. John Renn, George Read and Roger Sherman. Jeffers has also found out that 28 of the 40 signers of the USA constitution were high degree Masons. They included Franklin, George Washington, Gunning Bedord, Jr. John Blair, David Brearly, Jacob Broom, Daniel Carrol, John Dickinson and Rufus King. The rest were Alexander Hamilton, Abraham, Baldwin, William Blount, Nicholas Gilman, James Madison, Roger Sherman, George Read and Robert Morris. Jonathan Dayton, James McHenry and William Patterson who were also signers of the constitution, became Freemasons later. From his extensive research, Jeffers has come to the conclusion that Freemasonry was at the heart of the American Revolution. More than 50 percent of the generals who fought and won the war of American independence from Britain were Freemasons. That explains why Freemasonry has continued to have an overwhelming influence in the government and politics of the country ever since. He gave instances. The national anthem of the USA has a Masonic input because Francis Scott Key, the man who wrote it, was a high degree mason. Noted Jeffers: “Freemasonry has become the cornerstone of the United States government. Masonic link evidences abound despite disputations by some historians. Masonic signs and symbols are everywhere in government. For example, the Great Seal of the United States and the street plan as well as designs of federal government buildings in Washington DC were laid out on the basis of Masonic beliefs. The symbol of an inverted triangle or pyramid can be seen in the street plan and the sites are connected to famous Freemasons such as Marquis de Lafayette, after whom a park opposite the north side of the White House is named. The Washington Monument and the Pentagon building were designed by Masons to conform to a Pentagram which is an occult symbol.” That was not all. Continued Jeffers: “The US one dollar note contains Masonic symbols. The Great Seal pictured on the back of the dollar bill has an eagle with 32 feathers (the degrees in Scottish Rite Freemasonry.) The eagle is also the symbol of St. John the Evangelist, the great patron of Freemasonry. The arrows in its left talon refer to Israel’s King David (father of Solomon). The olive branch in the eagle’s right talon is associated with Solomon. The 13 stars above the eagle’s head represent Jacob, his 12 sons, and the tribes of Israel. Thirteen stars, in a double triangle form are symbolic of the delivery of the children of Israel from their oppressors and their attainment of a glorious freedom. The Latin “E Pluribus Unum” (Out of Many, One) indicates the Masonic fraternity.” According to Jeffers, those who find Freemasonry on the mighty dollar also note that the largest symbol on the buck is the portrait of George Washington, a Mason. Cited as evidence of Freemasonry on the greenback is an unfinished pyramid. At the top, inside a radiant triangle is the all-seeing eye” representing “the Grand Architect of the Universe,” who is omniscient and watching the United States. “The Latin Motto: ‘Novus Ordo Seclorum’ (New Order of the Ages) inscribed beneath the pyramid in the Great Seal of America is suspected to be synonymous with a “new world order,” the author explained. Jeffers also explained: “The statue of Liberty is a Masonic goddess from top to bottom. The statue is said to have been conceived by Freemasons and built by Frederic-Auguste Bartholdi; a French Freemason, who had already made a statue of de Lafayette for the city of New York, for the occasion of the centenary of the signing of the Declaration of Independence and installed by Freemasons in a Freemasonry ceremony.” In view of the overwhelming influence of Freemasonry in the American society, it is no surprise that Freemasons have dominated politics in the US. Out of the 43 presidents that have ruled America from 1789 to date, 25 of them were Freemasons. Among them was George Washington, who was installed the first president of the country in 1789. He was initiated in November 1752 into Frederickburg Lodge N0.4, Fredereickburg, Virginia. He is the first and only Freemason to serve simultaneously as a lodge master and president. Other presidents who were known Freemasons were James Monroe, Andrew Jackson, James K. Polk, James Buchanan, Andrew Johnson, James A. Garfield, William McKinley, Theodore Roosevelt, William Howart Taft, Warren G. Harding, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Harry S. Truman, Gerald R. Ford, Lyndon B. Johnson and Ronald Reagan. (See Table A for details). Freemasonry has also produced people who served as vice-presidents, secretaries of state, chief justices and justices of the Supreme Courts at the centre and in the states. (See Table B & C for details). The security agencies were not left out. Very many Freemasons have occupied the top hierarchies at various times. Jeffers found out in the course of his research, that all the security agencies have Freemasonry lodges in-house. The legislatures at the federal and state levels have also felt the strong influence of Freemasonry over the years. So also are the executive arms of government in the states. This is how Jeffers put it. “The involvement of Freemasons in the government of the Republic of Texas is found in the fact that all of its presidents were Masons, as were all its vice-presidents. The lowest percentage of Masons who had held executive positions in any of the four administrations was 85 percent. In the last administration that carried Texas into the Union, all those in executive positions in the government of the republic were Masons.” Outside government, Freemasonry also pervades the professions, arts and culture of the people. Garry A. Henningsen, past grand master and secretary, New York State Grand Lodge of Masons chose to say it this way: “Human imagination has always thrived in Freemasonry. We have enticed to our fraternity, artists, poets, warriors, inventors, manufacturers, explorers, pioneers, lawyers, government leaders, business tycoons, clergymen, astronauts, scientists and gentle-everyday family men made better because of their association with and love of our beloved Craft. It has been so from the very beginning,” (See Tables below). Henningsen is right. Freemasonry has attracted to its fold, eminent personalities such as Bill Gates, a philanthropist and chairman of Microsoft who is reputed to be the third richest man in the world, Henry Ford, a pioneer automobile manufacturer, and astronauts who have become famous as a result of their space missions. Among such great names are Edgar D. Mitchell, the sixth person to walk on the Moon surface, John Glenn, the first American to orbit the Earth in 1962, Leroy Gordon Cooper, the astronaut who made record breaking flights in Mercury 7, Mission in 1963 and in Gemini 5, in 1965. Virgil Grisson, a Mason astronaut, undertook the first manned maneuver in space in 1965 while James Benson Irwing along with three others, piloted the Lunar module “Falcon” on Apollo 15 Mission in 1971 and spent nearly 67 hours on the Moon surface. In Africa, the Craft has, as its members, such eminent sons as John Kuffuor, president of Ghana, Jerry J. Rawlings, his predecessor, Omar Hadj Bongo, president of Gabon, and Paul Biya, president of Cameroon. Others are Blaise Campaore, president of Burkina Faso, Idris Deby, president of Chad, Mamadou Tanja, president of Niger, Denis Sassou Nguesso, president of Congo Brazaville, his predecessor, Pascal Lissouba and Robert Guei, a general and late head of state of Ivory Coast. In South Africa where the country’s parliament is said to be located on a Freemasonry land, Nelson Mandela, the former president is on record as a member. The record shows that he was initiated into black obedience of American Freemasonry called Prince Hall. Kofi Annan, immediate past secretary general of the United Nations, is a prominent Freemason. In Nigeria, Freemasons were in the drivers’ seats in the public and private sectors of the economy from the colonial era up to the late seventies when the Yakubu Gowon military government promulgated a decree which classified Freemasonry as one of the banned secret societies. Its members in the public services were ordered to renounce their membership or resign. Newswatch investigation has revealed that Gowon was bowing to pressures mounted on his government by Islamic leaders, the Baptist and Catholic Churches that were not comfortable with the activities of Freemasons in their fold. Adewale Thompson, a high degree Mason and a high court judge in Oyo State, captured the under current that prompted the decree in his recent book titled: “Masonic Experience.” “Somehow some new converts into christianity aided and abetted by some organisations of questionable motives began an orchestrated persecution of Freemasons which they included in their definition of “ Secret societies.” The movement against the group began in Nigeria in the 1970s: “Sometimes in or about 1974, there was hue and cry in the press by some elements against ‘secret societies.’ It later dawned on us that the campaign was fomented by the church and the mosque using the government as agents. Government departments sent circulars to public officers to denounce membership of ‘Secret societies or be sacked. The church called on communities to swear to affidavits that they were not members of secret societies otherwise they could not hold offices in the church. Those who refused to sign were removed from office. The move to ex-communicate members of secret societies was shelved because of the negative turmoil that it could generate.” Not all the Christian churches accepted the definition of Freemasonry as a secret society. This is how Thompson reported it: “During this period, the Right Reverend F.O. Segun, Anglican bishop of Lagos, stood up in Lagos diocese to address his flock. He told them that he was not a Freemason, but that in Freetown he had lived in the home of Freemasons whom he knew to be the best exponents of christian virtues. He then warned that those priests who must have come from the hinterlands and have not had the exposure of travelling out to meet ‘men of the world’ should exercise restraint in denouncing Freemasons, whom he knew in Freetown and in the Lagos diocese to be great supporters of the church in every respect or face the penalty of being unfrocked.” Notwithstanding the negative campaign, Freemasonry still had in its fold many eminent Nigerians including great legal minds such as Udo Udoma, Emmanuel Araka, C. O. Madarikan, C. D. Onyeama, Adebayo Desalu, D.O. Coker, M. O. Oyemade, J. D. Daniel, all justices, and O.C.J. Okocha, a senior advocate of Nigeria, SAN. There are also many traditional rulers who still retain their memberships of the Craft. Among them are Solomon Akenzua Π, Oba of Benin, Alfred Nnameka Achebe, Obi of Onitsha, Okunade Sijuade, Ooni of Ife and Ogbuefi Alex Nwokedi a traditional ruler, (See Table F.). Lamented Thompson: “Time was when the Nigerian society was ruled by Masonic principles of friendship, charity and integrity. Those were better days.” Chukka Ifejika, a retired banker and current provincial grand secretary of Freemasonry in Nigeria, Scottish Constitution, agrees. Ifejika recalled with nostalgia that Nigeria was a better place when its civil servants, judges, lawyers, captains of commence and industry, politicians, clergymen and professionals imbibed the Masonic spirit of love, truth and integrity. “There was a time the Nigerian society was ruled by Freemasons,” he added. Although Freemasonic influence seems to be waning in the Nigerian society, the situation is different in other parts of the world. In Senegal, for instance, Freemasons are found in the seat of power despite the fact that majority of the population adhere to the Muslim faith. In Britain, Freemasonry has a strong influence on the monarchy. The current Duke of Edinburgh is a high degree Mason. Duke Michael of Kent is the traditional Grand Master of the Great United Lodge of England and a representative of the royal family. Both the House of Lords and the House of Commons have sizeable percentages of their members as Freemasons. The executive arm of government and the security agencies including the Scotland Yard Police have good numbers of Freemasons in its fold. Rowan Williams, the archbishop of Canterbury, is a high degree Freemason. So also were his predecessors. In Canada, Latin America and many European countries, the influence of Freemasonry is said to be very strong in those countries. “Freemasonry has produced an astonishing number of significant individuals throughout the history of Europe in all fields of human endeavour namely kings, presidents and politicians, tycoons of industries, doctors, journalists, writers, composers, educators, generals, scientists, philosophers, astronauts and other cultural, social and civic leaders,” said Jeffers Opponents of Freemasonry are equally many and powerful. Several documents have been published to discredit it. Some of the documents describe the Brotherhood as “the single largest vehicle for the perpetuation of the Luciferic consciousness on Earth. In their joint publications titled: The Brotherhood and the Manipulation of Society, Ivan Frazer and Mark Beeston write: “The basic recruitment of members to further the elite’s plan is through the secret society network of Freemasonry… the latest incarnation of the Christian/military order known as Knights Templars who gained staggering riches and a wealth of esoteric knowledge during the Crusades, in which the ‘righteous’ christians were dispatched to the Holy Land with a free reign to slaughter the Jews and Moslems in a series of campaigns between the 11th and 13th centuries.” Certain practices in Freemasonry have been used as justification by christians for their anti-Masonic posture. Jeffers stated that christian leaders attacked Freemasonry for promoting devil worship, leading religious men away from the right way to find God, or being inconsistent with the religious beliefs of certain denominations. Gary Maxey, founder and provost, West African Theological Seminary, Lagos, agrees. “Freemasonry shares a lot of tenets that are contrary to most of our christian beliefs. In essence, Freemasonry is not orthodox christianity and is not recognised as belonging to mainstream Christianity,” he told Newswatch, adding: “apart from being more secretive in its practices, the Order focuses on cosmic energy, circle of the Moon and soul which are contrary to christian beliefs. Echoing the same viewpoint, Gabriel Osu, a monsignor and director of social communications, Catholic archdiocese of Lagos, said: “Freemasonry has come to be identified as a place of reunion for individuals of radical anti-Catholic and atheistic spirit with doctrines and principles diametrically opposed to Catholicism and to any structure degrees society supportive of the church, natural laws and morality.” Another allegation which critics level against Freemasonry is that progress beyond the first three degrees by members is at the pleasure of the elites who also impose stiff penalty on any member who divulges the secrets of the Order. Asserted the authors of the Brotherhood and Manipulation of Society: “While the vast majority of the members are on the first three rungs of the 33 – level hierarchy and have no idea of the hidden agenda, they take a pledge of allegiance “ to the society above all else.” Most initiates are willing to do this because of the temptation of power, wealth and knowledge which (are) hard to refuse, that it is hinted that there are penalties to pay for betraying the society and revealing its secrets and that it is impossible to achieve high levels of initiation within Freemasonry unless one is handpicked by those of higher degrees.” They concluded: “At the apex of the pyramid of the Brotherhood,” these “select few” who know “the full agenda have become known as the illuminati (Latin for illuminated ones). All powerful, they “occupy all top level members of the police and military forces around the world. They are found in every area of society at all levels, but at the top, in the highest social and monetary bracket, the Brotherhood prevails….The Brotherhood owns the law, they own the military, they own the oil companies, pharmaceutical companies and just about everything which provides for the status quo.” Associated with this belief is the suspicion that Freemasons have a secret plan to control the world through the political and economic domination of the USA.
2017.08.13 18:00 TheGreatZiegfeld[DISCUSSION] My Top Fifty Favorite Albums of June AND July 2017
June was among the best months for music so far this year, if not the very best. July on the other hand was a mixed bag of disappointments and failure to really astound. I had previously skipped doing a June list for a mid-year project I posted over at Indieheads, but in revisiting the music I missed over the past few months, I discovered more and more June albums I wanted to introduce people to. Not that July was an awful month or anything, but its values aren’t so much in how much stuff is there, rather from how much certain albums from that month mean to me. Don’t hold negative feelings and opinions towards some of these albums against other albums I list, as many of them are really spectacular, and even if you dislike one or two, there’s a good chance you’ll adore most of the other choices. I’m not here to argue about if you liked my #3 more than my #1. I want you to hear music you like. If that’s not your thing, leave, go have a social life. As for the rest of us, in dark rooms cowering from the horrors that lurk outside, let’s get going.
ALBUMS THAT I LIKE BUT DIDN’T MAKE THE CUT
Kirin J Callinan - Bravado (Art Pop) Sometimes too obnoxious and jarring in its mixing of the avant-garde and the poppier structures, but the eccentricities and energy are well worth trying out. Favorite Track: Friend of Lindy Morrison Saint Etienne - Home Counties (Indie Pop) Overlong, a little dull, but worth at least examining in the background. Some of these sounds and grooves can really catch something brilliant. Favorite Track: Dive Waxahatchee - Out in the Storm (Indie Rock) While it doesn’t continue the imperfect, stumbling brilliance of her sister’s album from earlier this year (Tourist in This Town), it does bring about consistently strong songwriting and a pleasant sound masking deeper meanings underneath. Favorite Track: Recite Remorse Amine - Good for You (Pop Rap) Even with inconsistent track quality and a disappointing recycling of his XXL performances so blatantly, Amine still provides a lot of personality that often lacks in the tougher, broad-shouldered genre. A capable singer with flows borrowing as much from pace as they do from melody, it can be an up-and-down listen, but it holds its own well in its area of confident and capable pop rap. Favorite Track: Caroline Roger Waters - Is This the Life We Really Want? (Art Rock) Surprisingly immature project lyrically from Waters, bringing about short-sighted and unphasing emotional reactions to a very serious modern day situation, one that others have reacted to both more maturely (Gorillaz) and more powerfully (GNOD). HOWEVER, beautiful production backs much of the album, with even Waters at his worst still sounding worthwhile to what accompanies him. What Waters fails to do by himself, he’s elevated to do so by those behind him. Favorite Track: Picture That HAIM - Something to Tell You (Pop Rock) It may fall to the conventions of its genres quite easily and boringly at times, but at its finest it still uses those genre conventions, but builds around them into something more inventive, more creative, more thoughtful than its peers. It can fade into the background, but for its issues, the way HAIM works with its song structures and songwriting can feel timeless in its best and most fun moments. Favorite Track: Nothing’s Wrong Hundredth - RARE (Shoegaze) While Hundredth’s new dabblings into the shoegaze genre feel forced and kind of sloppy, their previous genre experience really bring new power to the genre. At the album’s greatest moments, the drums are vicious and crisp with everything else warping into a spacious background. Sometimes it feels like an excuse. Sometimes it feels like an evolution. Favorite Track: Youth Shabazz Palaces - Quazarz: Born on a Gangster StaQuazarz vs. The Jealous Machines (Experimental Hip-Hop) The former definitely feels like a solid build up to the latter, and they both certainly have distinguishing qualities as albums. Admittedly, both could have been cut into one album that would have been much much better than either individually, but the heights of both are worth this long, odd journey through unconsidered galaxies. Favorite Track(s): Shine a Light AND 30 Clip Extension Manchester Orchestra - A Black Mile to the Surface (Alternative Rock) Ambitious project from Manchester Orchestra that can fade in impact next to similar bands and albums, even lyrically hitting quite a few snags. A decent album that hits extraordinarily epic moments even for just the briefest of times, especially in how it mixes harsher and softer production. Loudness is really a strength here, but not obnoxiously so. It’s a little meticulous, not to mention fascinating, but the heights it reaches are worth enduring some weaknesses. Favorite Track: The Grocery Tristen - Sneaker Waves (Indie Pop) Some darker set of tracks that contemplate surprisingly heavily, at least for an album that at times can sound so happy. A little wordy, a little too on-the-nose, but then again, that’s what makes the album so much greater when the songs bring about a loss of words. Favorite Track: Into the Sun
OH BOY IT’S THE LIST GUYS
50. Mura Masa - Mura Masa (Alternative R&B) Pop flavored bangers from up-and-coming producer Mura Masa, with each feature simultaneously shining brighter as a result of Mura Masa’s production, and also dragging his production down slightly. For the most part however, these are some really colorful and quality radio-potential songs showing great potential for Mura Masa to either delve further into the radio scene, or chase the more eccentric goals set previously by the likes of Jamie xx. He’s certainly not there yet, but I see a good future from this album. Favorite Track: Firefly 49. Noga Erez - Off the Radar (Electropop) Similar to the previously mentioned Kirin J Callinan, Noga Erez sometimes falls to her own eccentricity, which can distract at times and hold back something special. Not that her best is somehow less eccentric, but she definitely needs another album or two to fully grow into her sound. Still, something really interesting comes through here, even in its odd and flawed package. Favorite Track: Off the Radar 48. Dustin Wong & Takako Minekawa - Are Euphoria (Neo-Psychedelia) Lengthy surreal tracks that exist not in any sort of expected pace, but rather in their own madworld of instrumented and electronic production. Sometimes it may lean on a sound too much or too heavily, but at its most eccentric, at its strangest, is when the album defines itself and creates the sounds you’ll remember it by. Certainly one of the more distinct experimental albums of the year. Favorite Track: Benbelo 47. Billy Woods - Known Unknowns (Abstract Hip-Hop) Woods’ flow is his weak point on this album, oddly enough, never fully gelling with the atmospheric production setting the tone. He can stumble and graze beats without ever fully hitting them. Despite this, the lyricism pulls him quite a long ways, keeping a consistent and vicious tone that actually makes Woods’ slower flow more appropriate. A morbid project, furthering Woods’ mysterious image in the game, following in the footsteps of rappers like Aesop Rock and Ka. Favorite Track: Washington Redskins 46. Boris - Dear (Sludge Metal) A long and slow metal album building up to an explosive final few tracks. Repetitive, crushing, and hypnotic, it may not cover much new ground for the band considering their many years of making music, especially considering their origins, but it continues in a long series of often acclaimed albums for the group. Favorite Track: Dystopia (Vanishing Point) 45. Cornelius - Mellow Waves (Indietronica) An interesting project for Cornelius, with experimentation abound and some gorgeous production when not limited by the structure set for some of the weaker tracks. When Mellow Waves has the ability to flow free, it’s a tremendous sounding work. Even at its most flawed, some real skill shows. Favorite Track: Surfing on Mind Wave, Pt. 2 44. Chuck Johnson - Balsams (Ambient) For those of you wanting that perfect study album, or even just a relaxing summer project, Balsams is the perfect project. Slow, uncomplicated, gorgeous sounds that say little, but still ring powerful in its innocence. It may be a one-trick pony, but it’s one to ride. Favorite Track: Balm of Gilead 43. Panda Riot - Infinity Maps (Shoegaze) This one may or may not have been brought to my attention as a joke, but a seeming recommendation and a slick album cover brought me to check it out. However, the shoegaze aesthetic is used really satisfyingly with its dream pop structures, feeling more dense than the Charly Bliss’ and Diet Cig’s that sound somewhat similar, but don’t hold an atmosphere like Panda Riot. Favorite Track: Gold Lines 42. 2Chainz - Pretty Girls Like Trap Music (Trap Rap) Say what you will about 2Chainz’ more comedic and mockable style of rap, but he delivers consistently on this new record with surprisingly fitting, varied beats, unquestionable energy, and consistent song after consistent song with very little steps down from the quality set right from the beginning. With Young Thug and Chief Keef dropping mediocre or straight up bad projects around the same time, 2Chainz surprisingly pulled through with an album that’s not for everyone, but completely satisfies a listener and builds on 2Chainz’s strange personality. Favorite Track: Bailan 41. Sheer Mag - Need to Feel Your Love (Power Pop) This was a pretty acclaimed album from July, one of the more acclaimed in fact by major publications, but it was also pretty divisive. Most of this divisiveness revolved around the vocalist and her gravelly singing voice. Admittedly, I was hesitant of her voice throughout the first number of tracks, but it has its own energy and rawness it brings to the album, and distinguishes it as an outsider album from bands trying something similar. A few lower quality songs, but the punch of the majority makes it a great listen for technical ability and modern-day rage that’ll age surprisingly well, I’m sure. Favorite Track: Expect the Bayonet 40. Algiers - The Underside of Power (Post-Punk) With its overdramatized vocals and building up that doesn’t always feel resolved, this album definitely didn’t hit me in the way it did most, considering it’s one I’ve heard many call it one of the best for the year. However, the extravagance of it all is still quite admirable, and when build up does in fact pay off, it explodes into something really tremendous. Maybe if the album went fully in one direction or the other, it would feel so much more satisfying, what with its aggressive gospel punk industrial blues-ness growing a little muddled. But in its more focused moments, it’s a beast worth all the accolades. Favorite Track: The Cycle/The Spiral: Time to Go Down Slowly 39. TOPS - Sugar at the Gate (Indie Pop) Its almost nostalgic feelings brought about through a comfortable indie pop sound, experimenting in really subtle and cool ways, rising even just one step above previous pop artists and albums I’ve listed here, even if it isn’t as flashy or as dominant as those can be. It’s one to sit back and admire, rather than scream about and demand its attention. But I do really recommend you giving it yours. Favorite Track: Seconds Erase 38. Circle - Terminal (Krautrock) A harsher rock group formed in the early nineties over in Finland. This particular album opens with a nearly thirteen minute epic, growled vocals and a often repeating guitar riff for much of the song in the forefront or behind other elements. It’s a beautifully inventive album, even if it doesn’t always reach the heights promised by its opener. Favorite Track: Rakkauta Al Dente 37. Guerilla Toss - GT Ultra (Art Pop) A relatively short album, one that continues in this list’s trend of eccentricity being part of its base sound. It can be a little tough and vicious at times, but never without an energy and a dance-aspect to the whole project. Many many sounds and elements make up the production, but it all adds to each other brilliantly. Even if an idea doesn’t work very well, they deliver it with such speed and conviction, it’s bound to charm even just slightly. Favorite Track: Skull Pop 36. Dan Auerbach - Waiting On a Song (Pop Rock) Auerbach’s second solo release, he’s best known for his work with The Black Keys, yet this follows a different retro-ish route. The Black Keys resembled the timeless artists of past eras, the stranger ones that pushed boundaries and were possibly misunderstood to some capacity, while Waiting On a Song sits more in the timely category, something charmingly aged, a little hokey, but wonderful all the same. Auerbach may not have time to age his record yet, but he definitely has a charm in his songwriting that gives it that likability. Favorite Track: King of a One Horse Town 35. Alt-J - Relaxer (Art Pop) As far as more mainstream “indie” artists go, Alt-J is one of the most fascinating of the bunch. Their unique sound is even moreso on this album, and even with a more divisive reception, a solid selection of the album’s eight tracks might very well be among their finest. An incredible opener, and an incredible closer set the stage for a new area for the band, one still mysterious and as intriguing as when their debut came to all of our attention. Favorite Track: Pleader 34. Offa Rex - The Queen of Hearts (British Folk Rock) Offa Rex is a project between the indie rock group The Decemberists and folk singer Olivia Chaney, and in their debut album together they cover a wide array of European folk music. It certainly isn’t reinventing any sort of wheel, but the covers can bring some beautiful new life to much of these songs, many of which may grow to be definitive versions of the original songs. The strongest moments come when the artists feel like the originators of the music, having experienced such events themselves in astounding detail. It’s something nice to invoke, and it happens several times here. Favorite Track: Willie o’ Winsbury 33. Poolside - Heat (Chillwave) Maybe not as good of a study album as Chuck Johnson’s Balsams mentioned prior, but it similarly conveys summer vibes and positive attitudes in groovy and slick fashions. A solid listen for easy-going celebration and relaxing in particular, but I’m sure it’ll brighten some people’s day regardless. Effortless sounding, but altogether colorful and a good addition to the brighter side of mood music. Favorite Track: Which Way to Paradise 32. Kevin Morby - City Music (Singer-Songwriter) Admittedly I’m not the biggest Kevin Morby fan by a long shot, and this album isn’t entirely changing my mind. Despite this, the atmosphere formed through Morby’s words and his backing production can be particularly powerful here. Morby has to work around his unemotive, uncooperative voice, and when working in an ambivalent, cold environment, his voice can often add to his music, rather than subtract. It’s definitely a path he may not follow forever, and he may forget what made some of his albums so special to begin with, but what he captures here is essential for an artist like Morby furthering his artistry and developing on the ideas that made him what he is. Favorite Track: Come to Me Now 31. Cigarettes After Sex - Cigarettes After Sex (Dream Pop) A lyrically lacking album that nevertheless develops a sound that fulfills an atmospheric need not many albums could even consider. I adore quite a bit of the production on this album, and even the vocalist does a serviceable job at performing given these slower beats provided. I am worried for the band’s potential, as the production is so integral to their sound, that even a slight loss in that field could completely turn me off from them. But for now we just have this new release from them, in its layered, slow-moving, delicate, outstanding glory. Favorite Track: Opera House 30. Tyler the Creator - Flower Boy (West Coast Hip-Hop) The more mature outing from Tyler the Creator, who earned much of his fame from shocking lyrics and music videos. He was a fresh new face, and a surprising one at that when he first made the scene, but with this new album he takes into more consideration mood and pace, relaxing the album’s style, and better balancing its heavier material and more somber efforts. It’s a fascinating evolution for Tyler, one that may not get the public as angry as they once were at his antics, but one that maybe offer more consideration of his immaturity, through the mature moments that comes from the same artist, album, or track. Favorite Track: Who Dat Boy 29. Benjamin Booker - Witness (Garage Rock Revival) Another album on this list with a gravelly-voiced and somewhat divisive vocalist, this time in a garage rock-ish setting. Benjamin Booker, definitely not an artist for everyone, but the strengths of past artists in similar genres are felt in Booker’s soulful performances, even if they rumble past some production that may or may not be seen as unfitting. It takes a song or two to really get used to the sound of the record, but Booker keeps at it in high quality once you settle in. Favorite Track: Believe 28. Mark Templeton - Gentle Heart (Electroacoustic) Templeton’s music is certainly an acquired taste, but what comes of it can be really imaginative. Templeton’s work almost seems to phase in and out of existence while exploring nostalgic landscapes. Gasping for noise, crackling under pressure, delicate and soft, it really is something that could be many people’s favorite album, and leaving many others wondering what they possibly see in what could easily be seen as amateurish choices. I lean more towards the former, though it isn’t my favorite album or anything. But the history captured in small snippets through Templeton’s music can be really emotional if you find yourself getting lost in it. Favorite Track: Gentle Story - Part 2 27. SW. - The Album (Ambient House) The mysterious and obscure German artist with his second album tackles a great deal of variety in his sound, with different tones and atmospheres blended together with time. Always moving, always changing, but never feeling inconsistent or forgetful, this is a great electronic album that unfortunately flew under most radars. Even if the whole doesn’t hit you, the variety SW. expresses here with grab you at some point. Favorite Track: Untitled D1 26. Bedouine - Bedouine (Chamber Folk) An intricate and powerful record from the young Bedouine, reaching with a relaxed voice some shockingly vivid and personality-driven observations with a laid-back consideration and acceptance. The compositions are stellar, and the vocals are calming and cool, matching the production strongly with each song. It borrows from similar artists in small ways, but not without offering something of its own back to the listener. Favorite Track: Back to You 25. Jana Rush - Pariah (Footwork) Despite Rush’s incredibly lengthy career for an electronic artist, Pariah is her debut album, one that builds off the experience she’s garnered in that time. I’m sure many artists would have wanted such experience to be heard in their debut albums, but Rush experienced great patience to get to this point. Speedy, airy production that offers a more avant-garde alternative to Jlin’s similar album from earlier this year. It slows things down ever so slightly to capture these weird atmospheres and build on slower, stranger loops, and it creates its own hypnotic, unique world as a result. Favorite Track: Divine 24. Marika Hackman - I’m Not Your Man (Indie Rock) The occasional weaker song from Hackman feel so much more jarring when most of these tracks are so incredible, with their gorgeous melodies and conflicted lyricism. Hackman goes riskier for this album, and not every risk or edge manages to work, but for the most part that edge is what makes her stand out, and makes her descriptions, her voice, all the more honest sounding. Favorite Track: I’d Rather Be With Them 23. Beach Fossils - Somersault (Indie Pop) Extravagant pop from Beach Fossils, developing their instruments and roomy vocal-style that’s almost shoegazing to an extent on some tracks, it’s a great collection of brief, yet fully developed ideas that explore the range of instrumentation so widely that it’s hard not to appreciate the placement of each sound in each song, the patience of a track, but also the exploratory nature of a track too. Even if it isn’t Beach Fossils’ best album to date, it might very well be their most fully realized. Favorite Track: Saint Ivy 22. Terrace Martin Presents The Pollyseeds - Sounds of Crenshaw Vol. 1 (Nu Jazz) These large jazz tracks make use of a more lively and modern sound to better express a place and time, as told by a producer secretly impacting the music world for years now. It may not speak for every single street corner or every inch of the place it’s depicting, but it definitely knows how to deliver the listener there into its sense of community, and all the benefits or otherwise that come with it. A soulful and exciting sound building up an area to be just as soulful and exciting. Favorite Track: Wake Up 21. Ride - Weather Diaries (Shoegaze) With My Bloody Valentine’s return a few years back, and Slowdive’s return just recently, Ride’s return was expected, but also not nearly as anticipated as those previous two artists. The shoegaze revival was back and people want to know how the innovators respond, and while My Bloody Valentine and Slowdive’s returns were met with acclaim, Ride’s return was more lukewarm. Admittedly, some missteps took place, as well as some awkward lyricism (as if Ride wasn’t already known for that, to an extent). Even still, an outstanding first track and an even better final track bookend Ride discovering both what made them so intriguing, and also finding where they would naturally progress beyond where they already did. Ride’s new album may be more messy and chaotic than the recent efforts from similar artists, but their experience in the genre still captivates and puts them ahead of many still finding their sound within shoegaze. Favorite Track: White Sands 20. Lorde - Melodrama (Art Pop) I already did a whole essay on this album, since I felt conflicts between those who loved the album and those who hated it were a bit extreme. So, I decided to show the album could be both of those things, a gorgeous showcase of pop-driven nightlife and a hypocritical and snob-ish failure of delivering any sense of enjoyment to its listeners. What I’m trying to say is be a poptimist, or an anti-poptimist, just don’t be cooler than me. Read the essay here, and let’s never speak of this again. Favorite Track: Supercut 19. Ekoplekz - Bioprodukt (Ambient Techno) Almost mechanical sounding at times, with beats that can drive speakers but also flow willingly to the next track, it’s a textured, almost retro-sounding album that can doesn’t deny conflict, but never really fully confronts it. Maybe the threat of viciousness is more driving than viciousness itself, the anxiousness of these playful, slightly darker beats really gives it the power to be as exciting as it is. And once you’re familiar with it, the music starts opening up to you with layers and noises that seem so apparent, but you never really captured until now. I think that’s a good thing to hear out of an electronic album. Or any album, really. Favorite Track: Low X-Over 18. Nicole Atkins - Goodnight Rhonda Lee (Pop-Soul) Atkins’ album came out around the same time as Lana Del Rey’s newest album, and the contrast in what they accomplish is staggering. Del Rey lives in exaggerations of the past, never feeling vivid in her imagery or history, just in the basic idea of what history represents. Atkins is more of a character stuck in her emotions, surrounded by the prettiness of a past sound that compliments her perfectly. The vividness of history is important if you want to romanticize it, the little details of life, and Atkins’ sound is perfectly captured in that history, but the impact is of the present. Favorite Track: A Little Crazy 17. King Gizzard and the Lizard Wizard - Murder of the Universe (Psychedelic Rock) King Gizzard’s second album of the year may not be as fresh and inventive as their first album from 2017, but the style of their sound is still as quick and as iconic, making for epic situations, seamless track transitions, consistent energy, and just a great deal of entertainment. Will King Gizzard’s sound stay as fresh by the end of the year? Probably not if they keep going in this direction. But even smaller changes in their sound keep things moving at the ridiculous pace the band moves at. Favorite Track: The Balrog 16. Lapalux - Ruinism (Electronic) A fascinating album reaching heights of beauty, but also the depths of viciousness, but all in such creative ways. Lapalux’s songs on this new album can be similar to Xiu Xiu’s in their anticipation of chaos, even if everything preceding it can be seen as unassuming. The eclectic use of instruments show a level of creativity not seen this immediately with most electronic artists, bending and manipulating anything and everything into a bizarre fit of sound, that still remains listenable despite its creepier and crazier moments. Favorite Track: Data Demon 15. Japanese Breakfast - Soft Sounds from Another Planet (Dream Pop) Continuing from last year’s Psychopomp, Japanese Breakfast’s newest album shows a growth in sound, a clearness from her slightly more lo-fi origins. Instead, complimenting her incredibly vulnerable vocals are almost orchestral moments of instrumentation, really pushing Soft Sounds from Another Planet’s strongest tracks to emotional peaks, even if only for a short time. Favorite Track: Till Death 14. Elder - Reflections of a Floating World (Heavy Psych) Surreal stances in the metal genre from Elder, with incredible detail and every song featuring an 8+ minute length. The level of precision going on here is among the most impressive of the year, with rhythms and grooves that aren’t usually seen this vibrantly and as obviously in metal music. I’m not a big fan of the vocals that show up occasionally, but they don’t stick around for long, and deliver us back to some gorgeous cooperation between instruments that drive into viciousness without losing what build each song up so well. Favorite Track: Sanctuary 13. Sufjan Stevens, Bryce Dessner, Nico Muhly and James McAlister - Planetarium (Art Pop) Extravagant, with themes of space mirroring Stevens’ previous trips into electronic oddities with The Age of Adz. It’s a slower paced album, sometimes muddled between the four creators, whose individuals fans may be let down by how each feel like only a quarter of the larger whole. However, that whole feels much bigger than any of their individual efforts. Maybe not better, but bigger. Songs of large behemoths of planets speak to the universe, but also to us in their poetic framing throughout the album. Instrumental tracks simulate the flowing feeling of space, as the production simulates this in its eccentricity, but also never losing sight of those original themes. Favorite Track: Pluto 12. Laurel Halo - Dust (Art Pop) As expressive as it is odd, it’s an album that plays around with its landscapes, building floors with synths and a voice as a guide driving you through an intimidating album, but one that can actually grow fun if you find yourself growing comfortable with its oddities. It’s a warmer project compared to some of the colder, more driving electronic albums of the year, but Laurel Halo’s sound is certainly a welcome one. Favorite Track: Sun to Solar 11. Broken Social Scene - Hug of Thunder (Indie Rock) An exciting new project from the band that blew many away fifteen years ago with You Forgot It in People, arguably one of the best albums of that year. Broken Social Scene is definitely different than what they once were, but entertain in similar ways, through their amazing levels of creativity and uniqueness, and wide range of options for musical experimentation while remaining listenable and enjoyable. Even in their more aged ways, Broken Social Scene still pushes boundaries for Indie Rock seven years since their last record. Favorite Track: Victim Lover 10. Claude Speeed - Infinity Ultra (Progressive Electronic) Claude Speeed’s epic electronic album sprawls from style to style, subgenre to subgenre in effective and large ways. From drone to trance, glitch to industrial, any expression Speeed is seemingly aware of is attempted and linked through a sound that is consistent enough at its core to connect it all together. Other electronic albums these months may have had variety and energy, but few of them are as big as this album accomplishes at being. Favorite Track: Fifth Fortress 9. SZA - CTRL (Alternative R&B) A soulful and confident reflection on sexuality and concepts that arise as a result. Through smooth production and versatile vocals comes a perspective presented not for the first time, but in comparison to her peers, SZA seems most interested in exploring that perspective and sharing it in fun, emotional, or relaxed fashions. It doesn’t sacrifice accessibility for introspection, rather they both flow together naturally. Favorite Track: The Weekend 8. Porter Ricks - Anguilla Electrica (Dub Techno) The long running and well acclaimed German electronic team with their first album since 1999, this could have been a make or break situation for the group. Perhaps their old fans have a faded interest, and their skills might have grown worn. An EP in 2016 warmed up their abilities however, and in early June they drop Anguilla Electrica, a beautifully textured album, warping, speeding, building, breaking in sound in every direction. Waves of color and sound captivate through even the lengthier tracks, holding the group’s influence from their 90’s contemporaries, but also pushing that sound into the new era for the genre. It’s an exciting bridge of eras that really distinguish this as one of 2017’s most exciting returns. Favorite Track: Anguilla Electrica 7. Public Service Broadcasting - Every Valley (Post-Rock) A concept album from British group exploring mostly the collapse of the coal mining industry in Wales. It’s an album burdened by history, with a radio broadcaster type voice speaking as the narrator to mostly instrumental tracks that deliver onto the listener a sense of building, community, and collapse both industrially and emotionally. Even the cheesier vocals tracks carry with it heavy emotional burdens, ones that individually sound silly, but as a part of a greater whole feel perhaps necessary. An open mind might be needed to really capture this album’s appreciative value, but it’s one that delivers on its ambitious topic. Favorite Track: The Pit 6. Vince Staples - Big Fish Theory (West Coast Hip-Hop) Staples’ emphasizes an eclectic choice of electronic production on this album, keeping his vocals lower than usual for hip-hop. It’s a tight project, and one that definitely takes a big risk in Staples nearly and figuratively drowning to his own music, but it’s a choice that Staples and his producers execute brilliantly. Skillful, snarky songwriting is still apparent, but driven by the same subtle desperation from Summertime ‘06, albeit much more focused and consistent. Staples is definitely one of the wilder personalities in hip-hop while keeping a lyrical focus, and this pulls his ideas and concepts to more fascinating avenues in return. Favorite Track: Big Fish 5. Golden Retriever - Rotations (Ambient) Orchestral in its compositions, making use of too many instruments to count in heavenly and soul-soaring ways. The wonder of the worlds it manages to form through sound, the rising and falling of instruments carrying you among the stars, or over an ocean, or wherever these instruments and arrangements take you, it’s a ride not many will or could ever even imagine. Favorite Track: Sunsight 4. JAY-Z - 4:44 (East Coast Hip-Hop) JAY-Z confronts his identity, an identity, THE identity, on this album. Issues of his own personal choices arrive, but also the driving down of race relations continuing and looping with time. The samples make this ever more present, and every success of JAY-Z’s character brings about a failure in that same character. He understands some failures will always be societal, while others will always be personal. He balances these conflicts with confidence and power not seen from his songwriting in a decade. Favorite Track: The Story of O.J. 3. Big Thief - Capacity (Indie Rock) A youthful, innocent, but still oftentimes realistic outlook on tragedy and trauma. Nostalgic in sadness, but not at all pandering or disrespectful in its depictions, rather Capacity feels like an innermost escape into something warmer, more comforting, simpler. The conflict is inevitable, but the little moments lost to the mind is a poignant place to place it in. Through its folky exterior comes something intimate, in tragic fashion. That intimacy formed is an honest creation, but not one that’s easy to address. Big Thief does it in the finest way I can imagine, at least from a musical point of view. Favorite Track: Mary 2. Fleet Foxes - Crack-Up (Progressive Folk) Their most epic record yet, while still keeping to a level of intimacy they were previously known for. A bold and large album, progressing the band beyond their previous sound, while still holding on to many of their greatest previous qualities. I'm not sure as of now if this is my favorite of their albums, but I like that they pushed themselves to larger heights. Favorite Track: Third of May/Odaigahara 1. Richard Dawson - Peasant (Avant-Folk) A concept album in which Dawson takes a role of a different village member with each passing track, displaying and portraying vivid emotions of each as he passes from one to the other. Each track has its own personality, its own perspective, its own creativity, its own pace, it builds this community eye by eye until it wears down with Dawson’s knotted guitar playing and tired voice. Dawson’s expressiveness through these multiple characters only adds to his skills in songwriting and performing, culminating as one of the year’s defining albums. In my eyes, at least. Favorite Track: Masseuse Be sure to check out all my recommended “favorite” tracks, plus some extra favorites from albums that I didn’t like enough to mention, at the playlist below. Playlist here!
2017.05.10 07:05 shotbyadingusALL POSTS BEYOND HERE MUST FOLLOW THE NEW RULE CHANGE. VIOLATORS WILL BE PROSECUTED.
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